Foreign Policy Watch: India-China

RIC meet: Foreign ministers of Russia, India, China meet today to boost Asia-Pacific relations

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Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Belt and Road Initiative, International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC)

Mains level: India’s current position in multipolar world

After ‘Indo-pacific’, its ‘Asia-pacific’ for India

  1. Exactly a month before India, Australia, the US and Japan sat down for talks on cooperation in the “Indo-Pacific”—seen as a possible security framework among the four against a rising China
  2. Now, Indian foreign minister will meet her counterparts from Russia and China for discussions on deepening coordination in the Asia-Pacific region

What does this signify?

  1. The move is an effort by India to demonstrate that it has multiple options in a multipolar world and that it is not aligned with any one group or any one country

RIC meeting: Changing polarities

  1. The RIC meeting comes as Russia and China are seen developing close bilateral ties against the backdrop of the two developing tensions with the US for separate reasons
  2. In contrast, there seems to be growing convergence between New Delhi and Washington after decades of being seen on opposite sides
  3. Ties between India and Russia, once seen as partners, seem stressed given the growing warmth in India’s relations with the US
  4. The RIC foreign ministers’ meet also comes as India, Japan, US, and Australia seem to have restarted a dialogue

Issues that might be discussed

  1. Naming Pakistan-based terror groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed in the joint communique to be adopted at the Russia-India-China meeting for terrorist activities against India
  2. Raising the subject of a Chinese block at the UN to India’s attempts to get the chief of Jaish-e-Mohammed group, the Pakistan-based Maulana Masood Azhar, declared a terrorist by the world body
  3. Also, China’s ambitious Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a strand of which i.e. the China-Pakistan-Economic Corridor (CPEC), passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. India objects to this as it claims all of Kashmir as part of its territory
  4. India is also expected to discuss, mainly with Russia, the fast-tracking of the 7,200km-long International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) linking India, Iran, Afghanistan and Central Asia with Europe

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