Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

‘Risk of bone fracture high in urban India’


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From the UPSC perspective the following things are important:

Prelims Level: Osteoporosis and Osteopenia

Mains Level: Findings of the study

Indian Journal of Medical Research

  1. A study published in the Indian Journal of Medical Research showed that over 69% of people aged 38-68 in Delhi suffer from continuous bone loss and face high risk of fractures

Particulars of the study

  1. The study conducted on around 223 men and 222 women by performing a qualitative ultrasound of their bones, found that around 8.99% patients were suffering from osteoporosis and 59.55% had osteopenia
  2. With 8.99% patients of osteoporosis and 59.55% patients of osteopenia, the overall population at risk of fractures in this study was found to be approximately 69%

Particulars of the Osteoporosis 

  1. Osteoporosis is usually considered a “silent disease” until a fracture occurs
  2. Osteoporotic fractures are defined as fractures associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) and include clinical spine, hip, forearm and shoulder fractures

Particulars of the Osteopenia

  1. Osteopenia is a condition in which bone mineral density is lower than normal
  2. It is considered by many doctors to be a precursor to osteoporosis. However, not every person diagnosed with osteopenia will develop osteoporosis
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