Rural landholding almost halved over 20 years

Tribal people are over-represented among the landless, SCs among marginal land-owners, and forward castes among medium and large landholders.

  1. The size of landholdings have decreased across the country, almost halving in the last 20 years.
  2. Migration is highest among households with marginal landholdings, as they are unable to provide the family much income.
  3. The avg rural Indian household is a marginal landowner, growing mainly cereals on a small patch of land and reliant on groundwater for irrigation.
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