From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Harrapan Sites
Mains level : Read the attached story
- Sadikpur Sinauli, an ancient site with chariots, swords and other objects pointing to the presence of a warrior class around 4,000 years ago could be declared a site of national importance soon.
- Archaeological Survey of India declares monuments/sites as ‘protected and of national importance’ under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958.
About Sadikpur Sinauli
- Sinauli is an archaeological site located in Baraut tehsil, Baghpat district, western Uttar Pradesh, India.
- The site is famous for its Bronze Age “chariots”, the first ones to be recovered in archaeological excavation in South Asia.
- Local legends tell that Sinauli is one of the five villages that god Krishna unsuccessfully negotiated with the Kaurava princes to avoid the War at Kurukshetra.
- The excavations were conducted by ASI in 2005-06 and in mid-2018.
- As per ASI and later studies the remains found in 2005-06, the “Sanauli cemetery”, belonged to Late Harappan Phase.
- Major findings from 2018 trial excavations include several wooden coffin burials, “chariots”, copper swords, and helmets.
- The wooden chariots – with solid disk wheels – were protected by copper sheets.
- Among the treasures unearthed are three chariots, legged coffins, shields, swords and helmets – all which point towards a warrior class that must have existed around 2,000 BCE.
- The site was the largest necropolis (cemetery) of the late Harappan period of the early 2nd millennium BCE.