From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Sanchay Jal Behtar Kal Campaign
Mains level : Importance of Water Harvesting
- Rolling out its water conservation plan under the Jal Shakti Abhiyan, the Centre said it would focus its time-bound, mission-mode campaign on 1,592 “water-stressed” blocks in 257 districts.
Sanchay Jal, Behtar Kal Campaign
- It is a campaign for rainwater harvesting and water conservation.
- The plan would rely largely on mass awareness programmes.
- It will also involve focused implementation and convergence of existing water conservation schemes under the NREGS, Integrated Watershed Management Programme, and PMKSY’s per-drop-more-crop (micro-irrigation) programme.
- The five targeted interventions would include water conservation and rainwater harvesting, renovation of traditional and other water bodies/ tanks, re-use and borewell recharge structures, watershed development, and intensive afforestation.
Why such move?
- India’s water availability is estimated to decline to 1,341 cubic meter per capita per year by 2025 (from 5,177 cubic meter per capita per year in 1951).
- But there are also examples of states such as Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat and others that have undertaken efforts to resolve it.
- The United Nations, under its sustainable development goals, expects all countries to provide clean drinking water to every household by 2030.
- At present, only 8% of the total rainwater in the country is harvested — one of the many reasons why it needs to become a people’s movement.