Bharat Emission Standards

SC bans sale of BS-IV vehicles from 2020

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Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Bharat Stage Emission standards

Mains level: Need of regulating rising air pollution across India

No sale of BS-IV vehicles

  1. The Supreme Court has banned the sale and registration of motor vehicles conforming to the emission standard Bharat Stage-IV in the entire country from April 1, 2020
  2. Bharat Stage (BS) emission norms are standards instituted by the government to regulate the output of air pollutants from motor vehicles
  3. SC quoted that India has the dubious distinction of having 15 out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world and thus such measure was necessary
  4. The problem of pollution is not limited to the NCR of Delhi but it is a problem which has engulfed the entire country especially the major cities
  5. BSVI compliant vehicles are going to be more expensive than BSIV compliant vehicles and people have a tendency to buy cheaper vehicle(s) even from a neighbouring city

Shift to BS-VI norms

  1. The country will have to shift to the cleaner Bharat- VI fuel from April 1, 2020
  2. The BS-IV norms have been enforced across the country since April 2017
  3. In 2016, the Centre had announced the country would skip the BS-V norms altogether and adopt BS-VI norms by 2020
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