SC on Nirbhaya Fund: Put system in place

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Mains Paper 2: Governance | Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

The following things are important from UPSC perspective:

Prelims: Nirbhaya Fund

Mains level: Issues arising from implementation of Nirbhaya Fund.



  • The Nirbhaya fund was announced by the Centre in 2013 after the December 16, 2012 gang rape and murder case in Delhi. It is meant to support initiatives of the government and NGOs working towards protecting the dignity and ensuring women’s safety.

Issues with its implementation

  1. The Supreme Court has expressed displeasure over disbursal of Nirbhaya Fund as there is absence of clarity on how victims will be compensated, who is responsible for paying the compensation and at what stage it has to be paid.
  2. Also, there is no uniformity in disbursal of funds to the victims, in states such as Goa, the amount is Rs 10 lakh while in some other states, it is only Rs 1lakh.
  3. The Centre had transferred Rs 200 crore under the Nirbhaya scheme to each state but there is no clarity whether this was a one-time transfer or annual procedure.
  4. The court also referred to the multiplicity of agencies involved — Home, Women and Child Development, and Finance ministries — and said there is no clarity on who was involved.
  5. The bench was also unhappy with the Centre’s affidavit and pointed out several instances where state-wise details of the number of such victims and the amount of compensation given to them were not given properly.