Sikkim’s 100% organic farming wins FAO’s Future Policy Gold Award

Note4students

Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Sikkim Organic Mission

Mains level: Significance of the international recognition in promotion of organic farming practice  at pan-India level.


News

Context

  • Sikkim has won the UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s (FAO) Future Policy Gold Award for its achievement in becoming the world’s first totally organic agriculture state.

Aim of the Award

  1. The Future Policy Award celebrates policies that create better living conditions for current and future generations.
  2. The aim of the award is to raise global awareness for these exemplary policies and speed up policy action towards just, sustainable and peaceful societies.
  3. The Future Policy Award is the first award that celebrates policies rather than people on an international level.

Sikkim bags 2018 Award

  1. Nicknamed the “Oscar for best policies”, the award is co-organised with the FAO by The World Future Council (WFC) and IFOAM – Organics International.
  2. The award recognizes the world’s best laws and policies promoting agroecology.
  3. Sikkim beat out 51 other nominees from around the world for the award.
  4. Brazil, Denmark, Quito and Ecuador shared the Silver award.
  5. Sikkim is the first organic state in the world and all of its farmland is certified organic, reads the award announcement.
  6. The state has totally banned the sale and use of chemical pesticides.

About Sikkim Organic Mission

  1. Starting with a political commitment to support organic farming in 2003, Sikkim designed in 2010 the Sikkim Organic Mission.
  2. It is a road map that clearly detailed all the measures necessary to achieve the target of becoming a fully organic state by 2015.
  3. At the time, officials reasoned that per hectare consumption of fertilizers in Sikkim was already among the lowest in the country (at 5.8 kg per hectare).
  4. Farmers had also traditionally never used chemicals in the cultivation of cardamom, one of Sikkim’s main cash crops.
  5. From 2003, the state began reducing the subsidy on chemical pesticides and fertilizers by 10 per cent every year and banned them completely in 2014.
  6. Their sale and use was made punishable by law with an imprisonment of up to three months or a fine of up to Rs 1 lakh or both.

Roadmap of Sikkim’s transition to 100% organic state:


Back2Basics

World Future Council

  1. The World Future Council (WFC) is an independent body formally founded in Hamburg, Germany on 10 May 2007.
  2. Formed to speak on behalf of policy solutions that serve the interests of future generations, it includes members active in governmental bodies, civil society, business, science and the arts.
  3. The WFC’s primary focus has been climate security, promoting laws such as the renewable energy Feed-in tariff.
  4. The WFC has special consultative status with the UN Economic and Social Council  (UN-ECOSOC).
Organic Farming – Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojna (PKVY), NPOF etc.
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