Solar alliance biggest achievement since Paris accord: Modi

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Important International institutions, agencies & fora, their structure, mandate

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: International Solar Alliance, Paris Accord, World Sustainable Development Summit, UNEP, Namami Gange

Mains level: India’s commitment towards climate change mitigation and achievements


News

Towards a fossil-free future

  1. International Solar Alliance has been the biggest development on tackling climate change since the Paris Accord of 2015, according to PM Modi
  2. The aim is to move towards a fossil-free future and keep global temperatures from rising above 2°C by end of century
  3. He was speaking at World Sustainable Development Summit

International Solar Alliance

  1. The ISA was launched on November 30, 2015, in Paris, on the sidelines of COP-21, the UN climate conference
  2. India and France initiated the International Solar Alliance and it already has 121 members
  3. ISA aims at increasing solar energy deployment in member countries and it came into legal, independent existence in December
  4. It is the first treaty-based international intergovernmental organization to be based out of India
  5. The ISA aims to mobilize more than $1000 billion in investments by 2030 for “massive deployment” of solar energy

Climate change mitigation targets and India

  1. India was well on track to meeting its responsibilities to mitigate the impact of climate change
  2. The United Nations Environmental Programme had in 2014 ranked India as among the top countries with the greenest consumption pattern
  3. Programmes such as the Namami Gange (Clean Ganga Mission) have already begun to show results

Back2Basics

World Sustainable Development Summit

  1. The World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) has been conceptualized as a single platform to accelerate action towards sustainable development and especially climate change
  2. It is organized by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  3. The WSDS series seeks to bring together the finest minds and leading thinkers of the world to focus attention on the challenge of sustainable development
  4. The second edition of WSDS builds on the success and legacy of the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS) which was the leading forum for discussing sustainable development issues
  5. The DSDS held under the aegis of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change with support from the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was an epitome of Track 2 diplomacy
  6. DSDS transitioned to WSDS in 2016
Climate Change Negotiations – UNFCCC, COP, Other Conventions and Protocols
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