From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : India Justice Report 2019
Mains level : State of policing in India and desired reforms
- The first edition of the India Justice Report — brought out by the Tata Trusts with various partners was recently released.
- It highlighted some shortcomings about the state of Policing in India.
Policing in India
- The report underscores the capacity deficit plaguing policing in the country.
- According to the report, only 1 of the 22 states for which data were available, was able to fully utilise its police modernization fund.
- Over the past five years, in just 14 of the 33 states and UTs for which data are available, police expenditure grew more than the state’s overall expenditure.
- The tables refer only to the 18 large- and mid-sized states where 90% of India’s population lives. The map shows the three states that spent the least and the most respectively on police per person in 2015-16.
- The report also found that on average there were more than 20% vacancies in the police.
- Tables 1, 2 and 3 detail the worst performers among the major states when it comes to vacancies related to SCs, STs and OBCs respectively.
- In 2009, the Government of India had adopted a target of 33% reservation for women in police. As of January 2017, women make up just 7% of police.
- Table 4 details the number of years required by some states to achieve the 33%-mark at the current rate.