Police Reforms – SC directives, NPC, other committees reports

State of Policing in India


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : India Justice Report 2019

Mains level : State of policing in India and desired reforms

  • The first edition of the India Justice Report — brought out by the Tata Trusts with various partners was recently released.
  • It highlighted some shortcomings about the state of Policing in India.

Policing in India

  • The report underscores the capacity deficit plaguing policing in the country.
  • According to the report, only 1 of the 22 states for which data were available, was able to fully utilise its police modernization fund.
  • Over the past five years, in just 14 of the 33 states and UTs for which data are available, police expenditure grew more than the state’s overall expenditure.
  • The tables refer only to the 18 large- and mid-sized states where 90% of India’s population lives. The map shows the three states that spent the least and the most respectively on police per person in 2015-16.
  • The report also found that on average there were more than 20% vacancies in the police.


  • Tables 1, 2 and 3 detail the worst performers among the major states when it comes to vacancies related to SCs, STs and OBCs respectively.
  • In 2009, the Government of India had adopted a target of 33% reservation for women in police. As of January 2017, women make up just 7% of police.
  • Table 4 details the number of years required by some states to achieve the 33%-mark at the current rate.
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