Defence Sector – DPP, Missions, Schemes, Security Forces, etc.

Strategic Partnership model takes effect


Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology | Science and Technology- indigenization of technology and developing new technology

From UPSC perspective, following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the Policy.

Mains level: It will promote Make in India’ in defence manufacturing and therefore it is an important topic for Mains.


  1. What: Strategic Partnership (SP) policy, intended to promote Indian private sector participation in defence manufacturing has formally came into effect recently.
  2. The Defence Ministry notified the policy as the final chapter under the Defence Procurement Procedure
  3. Why this model: The SP model is being implemented to enable participation of private Indian firms in ‘Make in India’ in defence.
  4. The SP is expected to play the role of a system integrator by building an extensive ecosystem comprising development partners, specialised vendors and suppliers
  5. Relaxation for inexperienced Private Sector: The policy acknowledges that the Indian private sector currently has limited experience in defence manufacturing.
  6. In view of this, the policy states, “besides any experience in defence manufacturing, potential SPs will be identified primarily based on their experience and competence in integration of multi-disciplinary functional system of systems, engineering and manufacturing.”
  7. Segments under SP: Of the four segments under SP, two are for the Navy: submarines and utility helicopters.
  8. The others are single-engine fighter aircraft for the Indian Air Force and armoured vehicles for the Army.

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