Internal Security Architecture Shortcomings – Key Forces, NIA, IB, CCTNS, etc.

Strategic Policy Group to assist National Security Council


Mains Paper 3: Internal Security | Challenges to Internal Security

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: SPG, NSC

Mains level: Decision making apparatus of the government in context to National Security.


Strategic Policy Group (SPG)

  1. The central government has set up the Strategic Policy Group (SPG) headed by National Security Advisor Ajit Doval to assist the National Security Council.
  2. The other members of the SPG will include NITI Aayog vice chairman, a cabinet secretary, chiefs of the three defence services, RBI governor, a foreign secretary, a home secretary, a finance secretary and a defence secretary.
  3. The secretary of the Department of Defence Production and Supplies, scientific adviser to the defence minister and secretary (R) will also be members of the panel.
  4. The group will assist the National Security Council and undertake among other tasks, a long-term strategic review of the country’s security affairs.
  5. Representatives of other ministries and departments will be invited to the meetings of the group as and when necessary.

Tasks assigned to SPG

  1. The Strategic Policy Group is the first level of the three tier structure of the National Security Council.
  2. It forms the nucleus of the decision-making apparatus of the NSC.
  3. Earlier, Cabinet Secretary was its chairman, but now National Security Advisor is the chairman of the group.
  4. SPG will assist the National Security Council and undertake among other tasks, a long-term strategic review of country’s security affairs.
  5. It will act as a principal mechanism for inter-ministerial coordination and integration of relevant inputs in the formulation of national security policies.
  6. The NSA will convene the meetings of the SPG and the cabinet secretary will coordinate implementation of the group’s decisions by Union Ministries and Departments, and State Governments.


National Security Council

  1. The NSC of India is an executive government agency tasked with advising the Prime Minister’s Office on matters of national security and strategic interest.
  2. It was established by Former PM Vajpayee on 19 November 1998.
  3. Prior to the formation of the NSC, these activities were overseen by the Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister.
  4. Besides the National Security Advisor (NSA), The Deputy National Security Advisor (DNSA), The Ministers of Defence, External Affairs, Home, Finance, and the Deputy Chairman of the NITI Aayog are members.
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