Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: Particulars of the Suryashakti Kisan Yojana
Mains level: The newscard discusses the aspiring project of Gujarat govt, which can be taken as a trial for implementing such project at a national level.
Suryashakti Kisan Yojna
- The Gujarat government launched Suryashakti Kisan Yojna (SKY) under which grid-connected solar panels will be provided to over 12,000 cultivators who have already taken regular electricity connections for irrigation purpose.
- This is for the first time in the country that farmers will be able to produce solar energy, consume as much as they need and sell the remaining.
- This is a revolutionary step after Jyoti Gram Yojna that brought round-the-clock electricity in the villages.
- Using solar panels, which will be connected to the feeders, farmers would get 12 hours of power supply for their pumps during the daytime.
Easy Credit and Alternate source of income
- The biggest advantage of this project is that the farmers, after using required electricity generated from solar panels, can sell additional electricity to the government and earn good income out of it.
- The scheme is a step towards realizing PM Modi’s dream of doubling farmer income by 2022.
- The state government will bear 60 percent, while farmers will have to shell out only 5 percent cost of setting up solar panels in their fields under the scheme, which will have a duration of 25 years.
- For the remaining 35 per cent cost, farmers will be given the option of a low-interest loan, which they have to pay in seven years.
- During that period, the government will buy electricity from them at Rs 7 per unit. For the next 18 years, it will buy additional electricity at Rs 3.5 per unit.