From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Tamil yeoman
Mains level : Not Much
- Tamil Yeoman (Cirrochroa thais) butterfly species endemic to Western Ghats has been declared the state butterfly of Tamil Nadu.
About Tamil Yeoman
- Uniformly orange in colour with a dark brown outer ring, Tamil Yeoman is among the 32 butterfly species found in the Western Ghats.
- This butterfly species moves in groups in large numbers, but only in a few places.
- Also known as Tamil Maravan, which means warrior, these butterflies are found mainly in the hilly areas.
- An expert team was involved in identifying butterfly species to be declared state butterfly.
- The team had shortlisted two butterfly species – Tamil yeoman and Tamil Lacewing.
- The Tamil Yeoman was selected. Both butterfly species are unique in their own ways.
- The Tamil Lacewing butterfly is very rare and difficult to sight which may have been a reason for the government to prefer Tamil Yeoman.
Why it’s special?
- For the first time Tamil Nadu has declared its state butterfly and only fifth in the country to do so.
- Maharashtra was the first to declare Blue Mormon as its state butterfly, followed by Uttarakhand (Common peacock), Karnataka (Southern bird wings) and Kerala (Malabar banded peacock).