Women Safety Issues – Marital Rape, Domestic Violence, Swadhar, Nirbhaya Fund, etc.

The law, penalty, and aid for acid attack cases

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Mains Paper 2: Governance | mechanisms, laws, institutions & Bodies constituted for the protection & betterment of vulnerable sections

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Section 326 of the Indian Penal Code

Mains level: Measures taken for welfare of acid attack survivors


Acid attack a crime since 2013

  1. Until the 2013 amendment to Section 326 of the Indian Penal Code, there had been no specific legislation to deal with cases of acid attack cases in the country
  2. After the amendment, accused in acid attacks can be prosecuted under section 326A in case of grievous injury and 326B in cases of relatively lesser injuries to victims
  3. Section 326 of the Indian Penal Code deals with voluntarily causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means

SC verdict for acid attack survivors

  1. The Supreme Court in May 2013, while ruling on the case of Delhi-based acid victim Laxmi Agarwal, called for regulation on the sale of acid
  2. It directed state governments across the country to frame a policy for the welfare of victims
  3. SC also ruled that state governments should hand over Rs 3 lakh as compensation for victims and ensure free treatment at any hospital

Effect of SC verdict

  1. Since the SC’s 2013 ruling, states have taken steps to regulate the sale of acid such as sulphuric acid and hydrochloric acid, which are used for toilet cleaning purposes
  2. Dairy farmers use sulphuric acid to determine fat content in milk
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