Aadhaar Card Issues

This is how UIDAI’s Virtual ID for Aadhaar will work


Mains Paper 2: Polity | Statutory, regulatory & various quasi-judicial bodies.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: UIDAI, Virtual ID (VID), ‘Verhoeff’ algorithm

Mains level: Security concerns related to Aadhar

Virtual ID’ (VID) to safeguard Aadhaar cardholders

  1. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has introduced ‘Virtual ID’ (VID) to safeguard Aadhaar cardholders’ data
  2. VID will be a 16-digit, randomly-generated number which can be used for authentication instead of the original Aadhaar number, according to UIDAI

How will VID work?

  1. VID will be a temporary, revocable 16-digit random number mapped with the Aadhaar number
  2. VID can be generated only by the Aadhaar number holder
  3. It will not be possible to derive Aadhaar number from VID
  4. Last digit of the VID is the checksum using ‘Verhoeff’ algorithm as in Aadhaar number
  5. There will be only one active and valid VID for an Aadhaar number at any given time
  6. UIDAI will provide various options to Aadhaar number holders to generate their VID, retrieve their VID in case they forget, and replace their VID with a new number


Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)

  1. The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) is a statutory authority established under the provisions of the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act, 2016 (“Aadhaar Act 2016”)
  2. It functions under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY)
  3. Prior to its establishment as a statutory authority, UIDAI was functioning as an attached office of the then Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog)
  4. UIDAI was created with the objective to issue Unique Identification numbers (UID), named as “Aadhaar”, to all residents of India that is (a) robust enough to eliminate duplicate and fake identities, and (b) can be verified and authenticated in an easy, cost-effective way
  5. Under the Aadhaar Act 2016, UIDAI is responsible for Aadhaar enrolment and authentication, including operation and management of all stages of Aadhaar life cycle, developing the policy, procedure and system for issuing Aadhaar numbers to individuals and perform authentication and also required to ensure the security of identity information and authentication records of individuals
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