Health Sector – UHC, National Health Policy, Family Planning, Health Insurance, etc.

Tuberculosis cases: Govt announces steps to check under reporting


Note4students

Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the TB

Mains level: Government aim of eliminating TB by 20125


News

Directions to Private hospitals

  1. The union health ministry has asked private hospitals to notify it all cases of the disease reported in their facilities
  2. The government is aiming to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2025

Why this direction?

  1. The aim is to check under-reporting of tuberculosis, which has been flagged as a major area of concern by UN health agency World Health Organisation (WHO)

Other steps by the government

  1. The ministry will also set up two 24X7 call centres — in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh — so that patients can avail all information related to the disease by calling up these toll free numbers
  2. The ministry has also roped in the Indian Medical Association for further sensitisation of the health institutions

Level of TB in India

  1. According to a report by the WHO, despite the reduction, India topped the list of seven countries accounting for 64% of the 10.4 million new tuberculosis cases worldwide in 2016
  2. India along with China and Russia accounted for almost of half of the 490,000, multi drug-resistant TB (MDR- TB) cases registered in 2016
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