Rohingya Conflict

U.N. agrees first-ever global compact for migration


Mains Paper 2: IR | Important International institutions, agencies & fora, their structure, mandate

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Particulars of the compact

Mains level: Problem of illegal migration


“Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration” is underway

  1. For the first time ever, United Nations member states, except the U.S., have agreed on a deal to better manage international migration, address its challenges, strengthen migrant rights and contribute to sustainable development.
  2. The agreement will be formally adopted by world leaders in Morocco in December 2018.
  3. It held more than a year of discussions and consultations among member states, local officials, civil society and migrants themselves.
  4. It does not encourage migration, nor does it aim to stop it. It is not legally binding.
  5. This comprehensive framework comprises a range of objectives, actions and avenues for implementation, follow-up and review, all aimed at facilitating safe, orderly and regular migration while reducing the incidence and impact of irregular migration.

The new horizon of multilateralism

  1. It reflects the shared understanding by governments that cross-border migration is an international phenomenon and that effective management of this global reality requires international cooperation to enhance its positive impact for all.
  2. It also recognises that every individual has the right to safety, dignity and protection.
  3. It does not dictate. And it fully respects the sovereignty of States.
  4. This compact demonstrates our ability to come together on issues that demand global collaboration, however complicated and contentious they may be.
  5. The implementation of the Compact will bring safety, order and economic progress to everyone’s benefit.
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