Foreign Policy Watch: India-Iran

U.S. ploy against Iran: envoy


Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: Chabahar port, Iran (geographical features, countries surrounding), India-Afghanistan-Iran trilateral agreement

Mains level: India-Iran relationship over years


Iran envoy lashes out at the US

  1. Iranian Ambassador said that U.S. was trying to ensure that India reduced oil imports from his country
  2. It is working to deprive Tehran of the Indian energy market
  3. This is after the U.S. announcement of a tougher line on Iran, even imposition of possible new sanctions

Change in trade stats

  1. India has cut its oil imports from Iran by approximately 20% in 2017, though its global imports have risen by 5.4%
  2. The Petroleum Ministry says India has been trying to “diversify” its imports so as to get more competitive rates
  3. One major development is India’s decision to import its first shipment of crude oil from the U.S., giving rise to speculation that New Delhi’s new policy will come at the cost of imports from Iran

Effect on India-Iran relations

  1. He said that U.S. President Donald Trump’s policy shift would not affect the India-Iran relationship
  2. Development of the Chabahar port project will remain on track

Other projects

  1. The India-Afghanistan-Iran trilateral agreement for Chabahar should be ratified by the Iranian parliament in the next few months
  2. India committed about $1.6 billion to build the Chabahar-Zahedan railway line, which will facilitate trade to Afghanistan along with Chabahar port
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