From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : UNCAT
Mains level : Repercussions of the implementation of CAA
In Parliament, the opposition group has claimed that the Citizenship (Amendment) Act falls afoul of an international convention on torture.
UN Convention against Torture
- The Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment is commonly known as the UN Convention against Torture (UNCAT).
- It came into force in June 1987.
- It is an international human rights treaty, under the review of the UN that aims to prevent torture and other acts of cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment around the world.
- It requires states to take effective measures to prevent torture in any territory under their jurisdiction, and forbids states to transport people to any country where there is reason to believe they will be tortured.
- India is a signatory to the convention (since 1997) and is bound by the principle of jus cogens that ensures human rights to those who are tortured and persecuted.