UN launches new framework to strengthen fight against terrorism

Note4students

Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level: UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact

Mains level: Anti-terror measures undertaken by UN.


News

  • UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has launched a new framework to combat the scourge of international terrorism and coordinate efforts across the peace and security, humanitarian, human rights and sustainable development sectors.

Background

  1. Terrorist organization like Da’esh and Al Qaida continue to twist religion to serve their ends.
  2. At the same time, neo-Nazi and far right groups are also using the Internet as a platform to mobilize support across borders, exploit economic anxieties, radicalize, recruit and carry out attacks.

UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact

  1. The framework is an agreement between the UN chief, 36 organizational entities, the International Criminal Police Organisation (INTERPOL) and the World Customs Organisation.
  2. It aims to serve better the needs of Member States when it comes to tackling the scourge of international terrorism.
  3. Policies that limit human rights only end up alienating the very communities they aim to protect and which normally have every interest in fighting extremism.
  4. Such policies can effectively drive people into the hands of terrorists and undermine our efforts on prevention.

A new Task Force

  1. The UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact Task Force will replace the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force.
  2. The former was established in 2005 to strengthen UN system-wide coordination and coherence of counter-terrorism efforts.

Why such move?

  1. This year’s Global Terrorism Index was released by the Institute for Economic and Peace.
  2. It indicates that despite a 27 % fall in the number of deaths from acts of terrorism worldwide, the impact of terrorism remains widespread, with 67 countries experiencing deadly attacks.
  3. This is the second highest recorded number of countries in the past twenty years
Foreign Policy Watch: Cross-Border Terrorism
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