Mains Paper 2: IR | Bilateral, regional & global groupings & agreements involving India &/or affecting India’s interests
From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact
Mains level: Anti-terror measures undertaken by UN.
- UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has launched a new framework to combat the scourge of international terrorism and coordinate efforts across the peace and security, humanitarian, human rights and sustainable development sectors.
- Terrorist organization like Da’esh and Al Qaida continue to twist religion to serve their ends.
- At the same time, neo-Nazi and far right groups are also using the Internet as a platform to mobilize support across borders, exploit economic anxieties, radicalize, recruit and carry out attacks.
UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact
- The framework is an agreement between the UN chief, 36 organizational entities, the International Criminal Police Organisation (INTERPOL) and the World Customs Organisation.
- It aims to serve better the needs of Member States when it comes to tackling the scourge of international terrorism.
- Policies that limit human rights only end up alienating the very communities they aim to protect and which normally have every interest in fighting extremism.
- Such policies can effectively drive people into the hands of terrorists and undermine our efforts on prevention.
A new Task Force
- The UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact Task Force will replace the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force.
- The former was established in 2005 to strengthen UN system-wide coordination and coherence of counter-terrorism efforts.
Why such move?
- This year’s Global Terrorism Index was released by the Institute for Economic and Peace.
- It indicates that despite a 27 % fall in the number of deaths from acts of terrorism worldwide, the impact of terrorism remains widespread, with 67 countries experiencing deadly attacks.
- This is the second highest recorded number of countries in the past twenty years