From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : UNSC 1267
Mains level : Blacklisting of Azhar and its implications for India
- Jaish-e-Mohammad chief Masood Azhar was listed as a designated terrorist by the UN Security Council 1267 Committee.
- It would mean a travel ban, arms embargo and asset freeze on Azhar.
- The listing is a victory for India in a decade-old diplomatic battle waged primarily by it and supported by its friends at the UNSC.
Paradigm shift by China
- Since China had blocked it four times at the UNSC Resolution 1267 Sanctions committee, US felt that this would put China in an awkward position.
- It would have to publicly defend the veto — and, in effect, a terrorist.
Image source: TOI
Speculating Chinese intentions
- China’s decision appears to be a well-rounded exercise aimed at encouraging India to bond with Eurasia instead of the Indo-Pacific.
- It has taken its “all weather” ally Pakistan on board before taking the decision.
- China’s move followed Russia’s decision last month to honour Mr. Modi with ‘Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First,’ –Russia’s highest civilian award, in the midst of the election campaign.
- Both China and Russia want New Delhi to consolidate its ties with Eurasia on Mr. Modi’s watch, rather than allow India to drift further in the direction of the U.S.-led Indo-Pacific strategy.
- India is already a member of the Eurasia-centred Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).
Again a bliss for Pakistan
- Beijing had decided to announce listing after the Belt and Road Forum (BRF), so as not to embarrass visiting Pakistan PM Imran Khan, who was guest at the conclave.
- Pakistan may not be averse to Azhar’s designation, as it could help avoid being “blacklisted” by the FATF.
- Otherwise it could advance Islamabad’s economic isolation.