Foreign Policy Watch: India-United States

US concerned over Russian sanctions’ implications on India


Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important:

Prelims level:¬†S-400 missile defense system,¬†Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

Mains level: Cold war 2.0 and its implications on India

Possible implications of Russian sanctions

  1. The Pentagon is concerned over the possible implications of Russian sanctions on defense ties between India and the US
  2. India could face sanctions for purchasing high-value military defense items, in particular, state-of-the-art S-400 missile defense system, from Russia under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

  1. Section 231 of CAATSA mandates secondary sanctions on those who conduct significant transactions with the Russian defense and intelligence sectors
  2. CAATSA was signed into law in August 2017 and went into effect in January this year
  3. The law mandates the Trump administration to punish entities engaging in a significant transaction with the defense or intelligence sectors of Russia

Why should India be worried about it?

  1. While the US has become its second largest defense supplier, mainly of aircraft and artillery, India still relies heavily on Russian equipment, such as submarines and missiles, that the US has been unwilling to provide
  2. Seventy percent of Indian military hardware is Russian in origin
  3. India is currently in advance stage of negotiations with Russia for five S-400 system worth an estimated USD 4.5 billion. The air defense system includes radar, missile launchers and command center technology
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