From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Sukhna Lake
Mains level : Wetland conservation in India
- The Chandigarh administration had issued a draft notification for declaring Sukhna Lake as a wetland under the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rule, 2017.
- Sukhna Lake in Chandigarh, India, is a reservoir at the foothills (Shivalik hills) of the Himalayas.
- This 3 km² rainfed lake was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills.
- Sukhna is a sanctuary for many exotic migratory birds like the Siberian duck, storks and cranes, during the winter months.
- The lake has been declared as a protected national wetland by the Government of India.
How will the wetland status help Sukhna?
- Declaring Sukhna a wetland will help preserve the lake and conserve its ecological and biodiversity.
- A major threat to Sukhna is the discharge of pollutants from neighbouring areas.
- The catchment area of Sukhna Wetland spreading over 10,395 acres as finalised by the Survey of India includes 2,525 acres of Haryana and 684 acres of Punjab.
- With this, various activities will be prohibited/regulated/ promoted both in the wetland as well catchment areas.