The Pathankot attack revealed weaknesses in our intelligence, police and security procedures but the bigger issue is defence reforms, initiated in the aftermath of the 1999 Kargil War.
- PM exhorted commanders and bureaucrats to reform their “beliefs, doctrines, objectives and strategies”.
- Naresh Chandra Committee in 2011 recommended the creation of a permanent chairman, chiefs of staff committee.
- Modi identified six broad areas for reform — defence planning, enhancing jointness , manpower rationalisation , professional military education, restructuring higher defence management and the defence procurement process.
- There are three significant obstacles. First, if and how the three chiefs will give up powers for the proposed CDS. Second, how the government will create more joint commands, especially since it’s opposed by the military. Third, there’s opposition from civilian bureaucrats who don’t want to change the status quo.
- Reforms will not succeed if its implementation is not closely monitored.