Mains Paper 2: Governance | Issues relating to development & management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources
From the UPSC perspective, the following things are important:
Prelims level: “Make Listening Safe” Initiative
Mains level: Read the attached story
- The World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) has issued a new international standard for the manufacture and use of musical devices.
“Make Listening Safe” Initiative
- The standard for safe listening devices was developed under WHO’s “Make Listening Safe” initiative by experts from WHO and ITU.
- It suggested that half of all cases of hearing loss can be prevented through the following public health measures:
- Sound allowance function: software that tracks the level and duration of the user’s exposure to sound as a percentage used of a reference exposure
- Personalized profile: an individualized listening profile, based on the user’s listening practices, which informs the user of how safely (or not) he or she has been listening and gives cues for action based on this information
- Volume limiting options: options to limit the volume, including automatic volume reduction and parental volume control
- General information: information and guidance to users on safe listening practices, both through personal audio devices and for other leisure activities
Why such move?
- The aim behind the move is to prevent young people from going deaf.
- Nearly 50 per cent of people aged 12-35 years are at risk of hearing loss due to prolonged and excessive exposure to loud sounds, including music they listen to through personal audio devices.
- Over five per cent of the world’s population has disabling hearing loss (432 million adults and 34 million children); impacting on their quality of life.
- The majority live in low- and middle-income countries.
- It is estimated that by 2050, over 900 million people or 1 in every 10 people will have disabling hearing loss.
- Hearing loss which is not addressed poses an annual global cost of $750 billion.