From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : About the ranking
Mains level : State of higher education in India
- The World University Rankings was recently released by the UK-based Times Higher Education.
- Oxford University continues to lead the rankings table followed by California Institute of Technology and University of Cambridge. Stanford University and MIT complete the top five table.
No Indian university this year
- For the first time since 2012, no Indian institution featured among the top 300.
- The country’s best performing institution, IISc-Bangalore, slipped 50 places from the 251-300 ranking cohort into the 301-350 bracket.
- The dip was on account of a significant fall in its citation impact score offsetting improvements in research environment, teaching environment and industry income.
Why India slipped?
- The best Indian institutions are generally characterized by relatively strong scores for teaching environment and industry income.
- But they perform poorly when it comes to international outlook in comparison to both regional and international counterparts.
No mean downgrade
- Even as India dropped out of the top 300, it increased its representation in the rankings from 49 universities last year to 56 this time.
- As a result, India holds on to its place as the fifth most-represented nation in the world and the third most-represented in Asia (behind Japan and mainland China).
- It has eight more universities than Germany, which is sixth in the country ranking, but 25 fewer than China.