From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : About the species
Mains level : Not Much
New freshwater fishes
- Scientists of the Zoological Survey (ZSI) of India have discovered two new species of freshwater fish from the north-eastern and northern parts of the country.
- Both fish, measuring less than seven centimetres, are hill stream fauna and are equipped with special morphological features to suit rapid water flow.
- It (measuring 63 mm standard length without caudal fin) is dark brown catfish on its dorsal surface, and its ventral surface is of a yellowish-light brown.
- It has been named to celebrate the contribution of taxonomist K.C. Gopi.
- It was discovered from Champai district in Mizoram near the India-Myanmar border in Kaladan river.
- It has an axe-shaped anterior nuchal plate (bone below dorsal fin), which makes it distinct from other species of the genus
- The elliptical thoracic adhesive apparatus and plicae (folds of tissue) present on the ventral surfaces of the pectoral-fin spine help the fish cling to rocks.
- It (measuring 69 mm standard length without caudal fin) has a yellowish-grey colour fading ventrally.
- It takes its name from the Himachal Pradesh’s Simbalbara river.
- It has a prominent unilobed and rounded proboscis with tubercles that help the fish in manoeuvrability.
Other species discovered
- The scientist, who heads the freshwater fish section of ZSI, has earlier discovered four species of Gara (which has an evolved disc to attach to rocky surfaces).
- The discoveries include Garra compressa in the year 1998, elongata (2000), G. tamangi (2016), and G. chindwinensis (2018).
- Among catfish (characterised by whiskers), the scientist earlier discovered Myersglanis jayarami (1999), Glyptothorax senapatiensis (2015), and Olya parviocula (2018), all from north-eastern India.