[Prelims Spotlight] Acts and schemes related to Marginalised Sector

1Nai Manzil Scheme

OBJECTIVES –

  • To address educational and livelihood needs of minority communities lagging behind in terms of educational attainments.
  • It aims to provide educational intervention by giving the bridge courses to the trainees and getting them Certificates for Class XII and X from distance medium educational system.
  • It seeks to provide trade basis skill training in four courses at the same time of formal education, in field of (i) Manufacturing (ii) Engineering (iii) Services (iv) Soft skills. It intends to cover people in between 17 to 35 age group from all minority communities as well as Madrasa students.
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

2. Nai Roshni

OBJECTIVES –

  • Empower and install confidence in women of minority communities by equipping them with knowledge, tools and techniques to interact with government systems, banks and intermediaries
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

3. USTAAD Scheme

OBJECTIVES –

  • The scheme aims at preserving and promoting the rich heritage of the traditional arts & crafts of the Minority communities. 2.In the light of globalisation & competitive market, these crafts have gradually lost their employability. 3.It also envisages at boosting the skill of craftsmen, weavers and artisans who are already engaged in the traditional ancestral work.
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

4. Hunar Haat

OBJECTIVES –

  • It is aimed at promoting and supporting artisans from Minority communities and providing them domestic as well as international market for display and sell their products.
  • The Hunar Haat exhibition has been organised by the National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) under “USTTAD” scheme In it about 184 master artisans from across the country are showcasing their traditional art and skills at about 100 stalls at the international platform.
  • It seeks to provide an excellent platform to artisans belonging to Minority communities from across nation to display their art and skills before domestic and international visitors.
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

5.Stanapan Suraksha Scheme

OBJECTIVES –

  • To promote breastfeeding and keep a tab on “inappropriate” promotion of baby food items. Stanpan Suraksha is first-of-its-kind app deveopled for promoting breastfeeding and baby food promotion reporting mechanism.
  • Using it any person can click a photograph of inappropriate baby food promotion around them and related equipment and send it to BPNI.
  • The app also has a city-wise database of trained breastfeeding counsellor to educate and provide assistance to mothers during antenatal and postnatal period. It has sign up option for mothers who wish to become a breastfeeding counsellor, pledging for petition and donation.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Tribal Affairs

6.Eklavya Model Residential Schools

  • Eklavya Model Residential School Scheme was started in 1998
  • First school was started in the year 2000 in Maharashtra.
  • EMRSs have been functioning as institutions of excellence for tribal students.
  • In order to further educational opportunities for more ST children, Government has sought to extend the facility of EMRSs in all the 672 Blocks where ST population is more than 50% of the total population in a span of next five years.
  • Funds for establishing the school are arranged by both Centre and State government together.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Tribal Affairs

7. Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme

OBJECTIVES –

  • To decrease the dropout rate in the transition from elementary to secondary stage.Given for Class 9th and 10th.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

8. Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana

OBJECTIVES –

  • Educational empowerment of Scheduled castes.
  • Central assistance is provided to the implementing agencies viz. State Governments/UT Administrations/ Central and State Universities/ Non-Governmental Organisations/Deemed Universities in private sector, for construction of fresh hostels/expansion of existing hostel facilities for Scheduled Castes students.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

9.National Overseas Scholarship Scheme.

OBJECTIVES –

  • Financial support to SC and ST students pursuing Master’s level courses and PhD/Post-Doctoral courses abroad.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

10.Scheme for upgradation of merit of SC students.

OBJECTIVES –

  • Upgrade the merit of SC students by providing them remedial and special coaching in classes IX to XII.
  • Income Ceiling: Rs. 3.00 Lakh per annum .
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

11.Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS)

OBJECTIVES –

  • To rehabilitate all the remaining manual scavengers and their dependents in alternative occupations.The main features of the Scheme include one-time cash assistance, training with stipend and concessional loans with subsidy for taking up alternative occupations.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

12. Sugmay Bharat abhiyaan.

OBJECTIVES –

  • The target of this scheme is to make at least fifty government buildings disabled friendly under the campaign in each of the state till end of 2016 and make 25 per cent of the public transport vehicles under government as disabled friendly till mid 2017.
  • A remarkable feature of the scheme is that a website will also be made where the people can put their views on the accessibility of any building.
  • The international airports in the country and railway stations which come under A1, A and B categories will be made fully disabled-friendly.
  • Special set-top boxes will be made available to make watching TV more convenient for the visually impaired. In the next 5 years, almost 200 persons will be trained to speak in sign languages on government TV channels. Government websites will also be made friendlier by using text to speech option.
  • Under the scheme, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will give free motorized tricycles to persons with 70-90% disability.
  • A Sugamya Bharat mobile app which can provide information on disabled-friendly public facilities in a city, will be launched under the scheme.
  • For awareness, a team of experts will conduct workshops for sensitizing the main parties including builders and activists.
  • Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

13.Disha

OBJECTIVES –

  • Early Intervention and School Readiness Scheme.
  • This is an early intervention and school readiness scheme for children upto 10 years with the disabilities covered under the National Trust Act.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

14. VIKAASDay Care

OBJECTIVES –

  • A day care scheme for persons with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities, above 10 years for enhancing interpersonal and vocational skills.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

15. SAMARTH Respite Care

OBJECTIVES –

  • A scheme to provide respite home for orphans, families in crisis, Persons with Disabilities (PwD) from BPL, LIG families with at least one of the four disabilities covered under the National Trust Act.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

16.GHARAUNDA

OBJECTIVES –

  • Group Home for Adults.
  • This scheme provides housing and care services throughout the life of the person with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

17.NIRMAYA Health Insurance Scheme.

OBJECTIVES –

  • This scheme is to provide affordable Health Insurance to persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

18. SAHYOGI Caregiver training scheme

OBJECTIVES –

  • A scheme to set up Caregiver Cells (CGCs) for training and creating skilled workforce of caregivers to care for Person with Disabilities (PwD) and their families.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

19.GYAN PRABHA Educational support

OBJECTIVES –

  • Scheme to encourage people with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities for pursuing educational/ vocational courses.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

20.PRERNA Marketing Assistance.

OBJECTIVES –

  • A marketing scheme to create viable & wide spread channels for sale of products and services produced by persons with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities
  • Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment
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