Trust in government is increasingly an issue of concern everywhere. Analyse the statement. Also suggest some measures so that public institutions can be more trustworthy for citizens. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction define trust and its importance.
  • In the body explain that the relevance of measures of trust is not in doubt. Discuss in what way trust can be measured in the society or of the public in the government. Explain its importance; discuss the stakeholders who are responsible in ensuring trust of the people in the government. Give suitable examples.
  • Conclude with way forward.

 

Economic Survey 2020-2021 proposes debt-financed fiscal spending to be the driver of growth. Examine the basis of this argument and the risks involved. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-changing-fiscal-framework/article33916726.ece
  • In the intro, mention India’s fiscal deficit for FY2020-21.
  • In the body, mention Oliver Blanchard’s argument for the higher multiplier effect of government spending in the recession and condition for sustainability of the government debt-difference between growth rate and interest rate of the debt to e positive.
  • Conclude by mentioning the contradiction between government policy and the fiscal regime it is running.

Taiwan’s position as a semiconductor superpower opens the door for more intensive strategic-economic cooperation between Delhi and Taipei. Yet, the relationship between the two lacks depth. What are the factors that influence the relationship between the two. Also, elaborate on the opportunities for India. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

 

“In theory, India’s position on abortion is progressive. In practice, the law is flawed and punishes women”, to what extent do you think the statement is right in saying so about woman’s autonomy with respect to reproductive rights? Analyse. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the intro briefly narrate the position of women with respect to reproductive rights in general in the Indian societal setup.
  • In the body explain why India’s progressive stance on abortion is not practical as it doesn’t allow women the
    autonomy to decide. Discuss the features of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act and highlight the lack of objectivity in it; The Act treats MTP as a public health issue, focusing more on its impact on family planning and potential criminal proceedings against medical professionals, while ignoring women and their right to choose. Discuss in detail the causative factors of lack of such rights to women. Suggest what needs to be done.
  • Conclude with suitable solutions.

“Ethics works as a binding force between law, morality, values, religion and social norms.” Elucidate. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction start by defining what Ethics are.
  • In the answer body first, using suitable examples explain the relationship between ethics and law, morality, values, religion and social norms. Suggest the importance.
  • Conclude that Ethics provides guiding principles for everyone in their conduct.

As an allied industry of agriculture the importance of the animal husbandry and dairy sector cannot be overstated. In light of this, examine the need for investment in these two sectors and role Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) could play in transforming the rural economy. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/new-paradigm-in-animal-husbandry/article33907193.ece
  • In the intro, mention that these two sectors collectively employe more than 100 million people.
  • In the body, mention that the fund is set up with an outlay of Rs. 15000 crores. Also mention that it includes diverse set of stakeholders such as FPOs, private dairy players, individual entrepreneurs, and non-profits within its ambit, next mention the need for investment in chilling infrastructure for dairy sector and investment potential.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need to increase the investment in these sectors to transform the rural economy.

In a major shift, the 15th FC has sharply increased the proportion of grants whose receipt is conditional on specified reforms being undertaken by the states. What are these conditions? 10 marks

Mentor’scomment-
  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/fifteenth-finance-commission-has-increased-proportion-of-grants-conditional-on-reforms-by-states-7200026/
  • In the intro, mention that 15th Finance Commission made crucial recommendations for state governments, covering tax devolution, grants from the Centre, and the guidelines for the borrowings.
  • In the body, mention the increase in the proportion of grants whose receipt is conditional on specific reform by state from 17 per cent in 14th Finance Commission to 57 per cent in 15 Finance Commission recommendations. In the conditions, mention setting up of state finance commission, making accounts online for local bodies, notifying floor rate for property etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning that these conditions would push the states to undertake reforms.

Discuss the pros and cons of Daylight savings time. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction define what DST is.
  • In the body discuss briefly the origin of the concept and its inception. Suggest the positives and negatives. Briefly discuss what is the change with respect to Indian time.
  • Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion as to whether DST is good or bad and holds utility in present modern days.

What is the main difference between psychological egoism and ethical egoism? Compare and contrast. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction define the two terms first.
  • In the body explain the two terms in detail.
  • Conclude with importance of the two.

Expectations should be tempered when we talk of growth next year. As there will be a revival in economic activity on all ends which will probably bear fruit in 2022-23 — FY 2021-22 will be a year of consolidation. In light of this, examine the policy architecture set in by the government and the central bank. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

Elaborate on the utility of bicameralism in the India political landscape. What are the implications of the passage of certain bills as Money Bills to bicameralism? 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/voice-vote-as-constitutional-subterfuge/article33897261.ece
  • In the body, briefly define the bicameralism.
  • In the body, discuss the purpose of the bicameral legislature like stopping hasty legislation, protecting the interest of the states, second scrutiny of the bills, aiding the separation of power etc. In the next part, mention controversies and implications of the passage of the certain bill as money bill, for example, Aadhar Bill.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need to stop undermining bicameralism.

Present the business case for gender equality in our society with suitable illustrations. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly write about the gender equality.
  • In the body, explain the current situation of gender equality . Give some examples. Also explain how gender based segregation limits women’s empowerment.
  • Conclude with the solutions.

Multisport mega-events like Commonwealth Games are arranged by governments of a nation. It involves huge sums of money, numerous public-private contracts and enormous public procurement. What are the possible ethical issues that may arise and how can we prevent corruption by government servants in these scenarios? 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly discuss the case study.
  • In the body, write the ethical issues and stakeholders involved in the case study. Mention different approaches.
  • Conclude with a balanced approach.

 

Indian institutional lenders and investors are simply not demanding enough on sustainability from the companies. Rarely do they go beyond rule-based compliances and implement environment, social and governance or ESG goals with purpose and passion like their European counterparts. In light of this, suggest the measures to nudge the businesses to act on their environmental responsibilities. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

Examine the innovative approach adopted by the Fifteenth Finance Commission for the devolution of funds to panchayats and municipal bodies.10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

Up to what extent India’s rural region will play a crucial role in fuelling India’s economic growth? Critically analyse. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • Start your intro briefly by giving data rural population in India.
  • Divide body in three parts under different subheads:
    Discuss what role India rural region can plays in India’s economic growth. Discuss the present challenges faced by rural regions.  Give discussion on solutions such as strengthening infrastructure, emphasis on industries like food processing, tourism, and other labour intensive industries, skill development, employment
    opportunities, etc.
  • In conclusion mention the initiatives and other steps taken by the government in this regard such as sabka sath sabka vikas, etc.

You are stranded in traffic in your car. You are driving the car. A poor girl looking very frail approaches you and start begging for money. Looking at he frail appearance, out of compassion, you take out your wallet to search for a ten Rupees note. The girl who is standing very near to you snatches the wallet and starts running. A man on a motorbike who see this act, catches the girl and starts beating her in full view of public. Now the traffic is moving and your car is in the middle of the road. What will you do in such a situation? And why? 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction present the summary of the case in question brieflly.
  • In the body explain what action should be taken with merits and demerits.
  • Conclude with way forward.

While there is an urgent need to revive the economy by generating employment, the COVID-19 experience tells us that there is also a need to provide social protection, especially to the 450 million informal sector workers. In light of this, examine the impact of pandemic on informal workers and also analyse the issues with draft rules of the labour codes. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

 

What causes vaccine hesitancy in the people. Suggest the ways to deal with it against the backdrop of lukewarm response to covid vaccine. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

Examine the salient features of the Indian independence Act (1947) relating to the transfer of power.10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • Write introductory lines on why and what led to passage of Act.
  • In the body write important provisions which are related to transfer of power. For instance it ended the British rule in India and declared India as an independent and sovereign state from August 15, 1947.
  • Conclude with optimistic lines that Independence Act of 1947 represents sacrifice and struggle of national leaders, peasants, women and children. It was a hard earned gift given to us by our freedom forefathers.