In the introduction define trust and its importance.
In the body explain that the relevance of measures of trust is not in doubt. Discuss in what way trust can be measured in the society or of the public in the government. Explain its importance; discuss the stakeholders who are responsible in ensuring trust of the people in the government. Give suitable examples.
In the intro, mention India’s fiscal deficit for FY2020-21.
In the body, mention Oliver Blanchard’s argument for the higher multiplier effect of government spending in the recession and condition for sustainability of the government debt-difference between growth rate and interest rate of the debt to e positive.
Conclude by mentioning the contradiction between government policy and the fiscal regime it is running.
In the intro briefly narrate the position of women with respect to reproductive rights in general in the Indian societal setup.
In the body explain why India’s progressive stance on abortion is not practical as it doesn’t allow women the
autonomy to decide. Discuss the features of Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act and highlight the lack of objectivity in it; The Act treats MTP as a public health issue, focusing more on its impact on family planning and potential criminal proceedings against medical professionals, while ignoring women and their right to choose. Discuss in detail the causative factors of lack of such rights to women. Suggest what needs to be done.
In the intro, mention that these two sectors collectively employe more than 100 million people.
In the body, mention that the fund is set up with an outlay of Rs. 15000 crores. Also mention that it includes diverse set of stakeholders such as FPOs, private dairy players, individual entrepreneurs, and non-profits within its ambit, next mention the need for investment in chilling infrastructure for dairy sector and investment potential.
Conclude by mentioning the need to increase the investment in these sectors to transform the rural economy.
In the intro, mention that 15th Finance Commission made crucial recommendations for state governments, covering tax devolution, grants from the Centre, and the guidelines for the borrowings.
In the body, mention the increase in the proportion of grants whose receipt is conditional on specific reform by state from 17 per cent in 14th Finance Commission to 57 per cent in 15 Finance Commission recommendations. In the conditions, mention setting up of state finance commission, making accounts online for local bodies, notifying floor rate for property etc.
Conclude by mentioning that these conditions would push the states to undertake reforms.
In the body, mention the large borrowing programme of Rs. 12.8 lakh crore.
In the body mention the Atmanirbhar Bharat and focus on infrastructure in the Budget, the continuation of accommodative policies by the RBI, the threat of inflation, concerns on investment and consumption.
Conclude by mentioning the role this year’s budget could play in the consolidation of economy.
In the body, discuss the purpose of the bicameral legislature like stopping hasty legislation, protecting the interest of the states, second scrutiny of the bills, aiding the separation of power etc. In the next part, mention controversies and implications of the passage of the certain bill as money bill, for example, Aadhar Bill.
Conclude by mentioning the need to stop undermining bicameralism.
In the body, mention the increase of 52 per cent in the grants to local governments.
In the body mention various innovative aspects such as allocations for incubation of new cities and shared municipal services, allocations for three tiers of panchayat, focus on urban agglomerations, entry-level conditions for availing grants etc.
Conclude by mentioning that these recommendations could help in catalysing accountability and effective governance.
Start your intro briefly by giving data rural population in India.
Divide body in three parts under different subheads:
Discuss what role India rural region can plays in India’s economic growth. Discuss the present challenges faced by rural regions. Give discussion on solutions such as strengthening infrastructure, emphasis on industries like food processing, tourism, and other labour intensive industries, skill development, employment
In conclusion mention the initiatives and other steps taken by the government in this regard such as sabka sath sabka vikas, etc.
Write introductory lines on why and what led to passage of Act.
In the body write important provisions which are related to transfer of power. For instance it ended the British rule in India and declared India as an independent and sovereign state from August 15, 1947.
Conclude with optimistic lines that Independence Act of 1947 represents sacrifice and struggle of national leaders, peasants, women and children. It was a hard earned gift given to us by our freedom forefathers.