You, an anthropologist, have developed cordial relations with a tribal community which was hitherto isolated from rest of the humanity. Notwithstanding increased interest of researchers and media for the newly discovered tribe, you are the only person from outside whom they trust. They are ardent believers in their goddess and, trusting you, take you to her abode on a holy mountain. To your surprise, you find that the mountain is a reservoir of Uranium that can be used in your power-starved country’s nuclear power plants. Besides, you are aware that Uranium being radioactive, it is highly risky to go near the mountain. You try to convince the people about harmful effects it can have and the utilitarian value that it possess for the country. However, they are in no mood to argue and politely ask you to leave. You fear that very soon the outside world will find about this and the vulnerable tribe would be displaced from their land. (a) Evaluate the following courses of action which you can take for their ethical merits and demerits: i. You would continue to convince the people yourself about the possible consequences and urge them to relocate. ii. You would call in local and national NGOs for protecting the rights of the people against the State and file a PIL in Supreme Court if the State proceeds with dispossession. iii. You would yourself tell the government and the scientific community about the reserves and let them proceed in their own way. (b) Without restricting yourself to the above options, state the course of action that you would take and why? 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction mention the facts of the case and ethical dilemma which the anthropologist faces.
  • In the body evaluate the options – give merits and demerits in terms of ethical issues listed above. State the course of action with proper reasoning and how will it address or adjust the demerits which you have listed.
  • Conclude with a fair and balanced approach.

What are the concerns with the new FCRA Bill? How it will help in bringing about transparency in the working of non-profit organisations? 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/editorials/the-g-in-ngo-6608158/
  • In the intro, mention the difficulty of regulating the money coming from abroad in the country.
  • In the body, mention the changes introduced and how it could help in increasing the monitoring of the foreign donations received by the non-profit organisations.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need to balance between the concerns of the organisations and need for the transparency.

What is Social Stock Exchange and how it will benefit the social sector in the country? Why is the civil society concerned with it? 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

 

India’s fiasco to convert its victory of the 1971 war into a long-lasting peace in the region via the Shimla Agreement of 1972 is a case of missed opportunity. Examine. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction discuss about the Shimla agreement.
  • In the body explain that the Agreement was the result of the resolve of both the countries to “put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations”. It conceived the steps to be taken for further normalization of mutual relations and it also laid down the principles that should govern their future relations. Then move on to explain what the concerns around the agreement are. Discuss why the agreement brought disadvantageous peace for India.
  • Conclude that India’s failure to convert India’s victory in the 1971 war into a durable peace will continue to bear its consequences on India-Pakistan relations, one of them being India having to
    confront a nuclear Pakistan.

You are the head of a government office. One day you find out that your subordinate is infected with HIV. Before you could stop the news from spreading, it had already become a topic of discussion among other members of the office. Now, they are pressuring you to suspend, sack or transfer him as they fear that his presence in the office might lead to other members getting contaminated with the virus. You try to make them understand that HIV does not spread from touching, but they are so skeptic and scared that they refuse to even listen to your reasoning. They all decide to not work until a decision is met. Your office is already under a lot of work pressure and in the next week you are to finish an urgent work within a deadline. How will you tackle this problem? Elaborate the steps that you will take to handle it. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly explain what your role should be as the head of the government office.
  • In the body you can start by explaining the employees that a diseased person is to be empathized with and definitely not to be hated. To substantiate your arguments one can put forward few scientific researches in front of them to make them understand that they are not vulnerable to get infected.
  • Conclude with necessity and importance of ethics and work culture.

What are the changes introduced by the two recent bills passed by the government related to agri markets and contract farming how will these changes be helpful to the farmers?

Mentor’s comment-

The functioning of Parliament in India in recent past shows a declining trend from the standards. In light of this, examine the issue and its implications for the functioning of democracy. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the body, mention the importance of proper functioning of the Parliament for the functioning of democracy.
  •  In the body, mention the various ways in which the functioning of Parliament has been showing declining trends- falling standard of debate, disruption of functioning, not adhering to the procedure by the presiding officer, passing of bills without referring to the committees etc. In the implications mention the issue of improper scrutiny, waste of resources, hasty legislation etc.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for the proper functioning of the Parliament for a healthy democracy.

“Indian national Congress was just an outcome of the political developments of second half of 19th century.” Do you agree to the statement? Examine. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly explain the origin of Indian national Congress.
  • In the body discuss the formation of Indian National Congress during the pre-independence period. Explain the post-independence domination of the INC.
  • Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion.

You reside in a village notorious for instances of honor killing. You have known some of you schoolmates being the victims. In this scenario, one of your friends comes to you seeking help. This time the case is reverse. The father of the boy had threatened to commit suicide if he marries a girl from a supposedly lower caste. His mother too is bedridden after knowing this. Their disagreement to for the marriage is solely based on the girl being from a Lower caste. The parents are also under tremendous pressure from society. The boy is now under tremendous pressure from the other people from the society, as he will be considered the reason of his parents’ death if he chooses to stick with his decision of marrying that girl. He also has two school-going younger siblings. You personally have always believed that the caste discrimination must go and have always fought against it. You otherwise share a cordial relationship with the boy and also with his parents. Analyse the situation with ethical angles involved in it. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction start by briefing the case and introduce the issue and ethical angles involved.
  • In the body list down the facts in the case and the associated challenges like – honor killing, schoolmates being victim, family pressure, caste system etc. Discuss the possible steps that you would take.
  • Conclude with a fair and balanced solution to the given situation.

India will have to swim against the tide to capture the shrinking pie of the global trade. This requires fast tracking reforms to improve the investment climate and attract investment. Comment. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

Despite facing difficulties in following converging policies due to changing global order, India-Russia relations continues to have relevance. Discuss. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/with-china-as-backdrop-new-delhis-moscow-watch/article32663538.ece
  • In the intro, mention the the importance of Russia for India as “all-weather friend”.
  • In the body, discuss the changing nature of global order in which Russia has been deepening its ties with China while India is drifting towards the U.S., also mention Russia’s relations with Pakistan. Next, discuss how despite these changes India-Russia ties have maintained the relevance. 
  • Conclude by mentioning the maturity of relation between the two counties and accommodating each other’s compulsions. 

Discuss the contributions of Ashfaqullah Khan in the Indian freedom struggle with special focus on his contributions to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction start with dew key facts related to Ashfaqullah Khan.
  • In the body comment on the aspects such as –
    Ashfaqulla Khan (1900 – 1927) was a freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement. In 1920,Mahatma Gandhi had launched his Non-cooperation movement against the British rule in
    India. But after the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922,Mahatma Gandhi decided to withdraw the call for this movement.
    At that point, many young people including Ashfaqulla Khan became revolutionaries and turned to organisations like Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Discuss his contributions to Kakori case.
  • Conclude with significance of such a heroic personality.

To ensure the success of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, India needs action plan. Discuss. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

What are the implications of the outcomes of the ongoing Afghan peace process for India? Also elaborate on the issues with India’s Afghanistan policy as Taliban gains the legitimacy. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/the-opening-in-doha-6603890/
  • In the intro, mention the U.S.-Taliban peace deal.
  • In the body, mention the implications for India in terms of the role of Pakistan and its relations with Taliban. Next, mention India’s reluctance to deal with Taliban and implication of such stand.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for flexibility in India’s policy to deal with Afghanistan.

‘Honour killing’ has been in news in recent times. It involves the homicide of a member of a family by other members, due to the perpetrators’ belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonour upon the family. Analyse this problem in detail and indicate not only the social but also the emotional and attitudinal factors responsible for this problem? Also, distinctly bring out why: (a) The youth in such areas do not speak up against these practices. (b) The conviction rate in ‘honour killing’ cases is extremely low. (c) Women, who have to face the brunt of this crime the most, do not speak against it collectively. Discuss some feasible steps, which could be effective in controlling this serious problem. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly explain the case study.
  • In the body  answer analyze various aspects of the problem of honour killing- social, emotional and attitudinal.
    While explaining this problem, the second part of the question should be simultaneously dealt with. Finally, suggest some practical and relevant suggestions to overcome these problems. Supreme Court’s observations can also be cited here.
  • Conclude with way forward.

Why India being a country which prides itself on enjoying unity in diversity planning for a common script? Will a common script like Bharati bring down communication barriers in the country? Analyze. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly explain the significance of Bharati script.
  • In the body first discuss the basic details about Bharati. Draw a comparison with other countries and highlight the importance of a common script.
  • Conclude by explaining that how a common script for the entire country is hoped to bring down many communication barriers in India.

You are the officer in charge of overseeing refugees’ related issues in a multilateral humanitarian organisation. There is an ethnicity based civil war going on in a region and as a result, many people are being displaced. Hitherto, the economically better-off neighbouring countries have accommodated the streams of migrants with financial support from your organisation. The violence in the region has increased recently and the flux of people seeking refuge has grown substantially. With countries sealing their borders, the refugees are left in a vulnerable situation. You are sent to negotiate for humanitarian settlement of refugees with the neighbouring countries, who also happen to be a powerful economic bloc. However, they refuse any more accommodation on the following grounds: (a) Drainage of resources in face of subdued economic conditions. (b) Domestic political repercussions. (c) Rehabilitation will encourage more influx and indirectly fuel the persecutors. (d) Permanency of settlement in face of better prospects than at home. What are the counter-arguments that can be cited to convince the countries for an immediate solution? Suggest some long term measures as well that should be followed to address the problem. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction briefly explain the case study.
  • In the body explain the ethical issues involved. The answer should reflect the understanding of reluctance in such issues and therefore must specifically address each point with a combination of short and long term solutions.
  • Conclude with a fair and balanced approach.

Assess India’s progress in climate action. What would be the implications of giving up use of coal for India’s economic progress. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-
  • https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/reject-this-inequitable-climate-proposal/article32634171.ece
  • In the intro, mention India’s commitment and climate actions.
  • In the body, mention the various figures related to India’s emission and where it stands in comparison with the developed world. Next, mention the various actions like adoption of renewable, gradual giving up of hydrocarbons, investment in innovation etc. Next, mention the economic implications of giving up coal use for developing country like India.
  • Conclude by mentioning the leading role played by India in climate action.

Regulations of free speech is fundamentally social and political problem, therefore, over reliance on legal instruments often fails to solve the issue associated with it. Comment. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • https://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/sudarshan-tv-case-hate-speech-propaganda-6601740/
  • In the intro, mention the problem in regulation of free speech.
  • In the body, elaborate on the issue of regulation of free speech in the context of the fundamental right of free speech. Next, mention the difficulties and problems of its regulation by the government. How regulation by the government could result in the misuse of the power by the State and suppression of dissent.
  • Conclude by mentioning the need for solution based on the values and self regulation.

What do you understand by the term ‘Invasive Alien Species’? Discuss the threats posed by them to the native ecosystems, habitats and native species. 10 marks

Mentor’s comment-

  • In the introduction start by explaining the term invasive alien species.
  • In the body provide examples and present the scenario of harm posed by invasive alien species in India. Explain the various threats posed by them. Strengthen your answers by providing the proven case studies. Discuss the measures and need for a policy to control their explosive spread.
  • Conclude with significance of impeachment in a democratic country.