Topics for Today’s questions:
GS-1 Effects of globalization on Indian society.
GS-2 Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
GS-3 Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
GS-4 Case Studies
Q.1 Globalization is incredibly efficient but has so far been incredibly unjust. Examine the statement in the context of developing countries like India. (10 Marks)
Q.2 The narrative of a widening strategic gap between New Delhi and Moscow has been prevalent for some time now. In the context of this, examine the areas of convergence and divergence between the two countries. (10 Marks)
Q.3 How the Phased Manufacturing Programs (PMPs) and Production Linked Incentives (PLIs) can help encourage investment in Make in India? What are the challenges in their success? (10 Marks)
Q.4 You have recently been posted as a probationary officer in the District Magistrate’s office in a tribal district. During one of the fieldtrips, while interacting with the tribals, you come to know about a private company, established a few years back, which has transformed their lives. The company, using the traditional knowledge of tribals, had launched a series of products and provided numerous livelihood opportunities to the tribals. Upon further enquiry, you come to know that while the lives of tribals had indeed improved, the distribution of profits however, has been quite disproportionate. The company has seen a huge growth in its operations and its owners have amassed huge wealth. It is also planning to file for IPR, which may further hinder the interests of the tribals. You feel that tribals have been left short changed and there has not been an equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of their resources. When you tried to approach the Gram Sabha and voice your concerns, the tribals requested you not to intervene as they do not have any alternatives. They also argue that governments in the past have failed to protect their interests. Given the situation, answer the following: (a) Identify the different stakeholders and their interests involved in this case. (b) Present a case to convince the District Magistrate for the need of government intervention in the situation. (20 Marks)
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