Important Schemes related to depressed classes/SC/ST and Women

04th Oct 2021


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Nai Manzil Scheme


  • To address the educational and livelihood needs of minority communities lagging behind in terms of educational attainments.
  • It aims to provide educational intervention by giving the bridge courses to the trainees and getting them Certificates for Class XII and X from distance medium educational system.
  • It seeks to provide trade basis skill training in four courses at the same time of formal education, in field of (i) Manufacturing (ii) Engineering (iii) Services (iv) Soft skills. It intends to cover people in between 17 to 35 age group from all minority communities as well as Madrasa students.
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

Nai Roshni


  • Empower and install confidence in women of minority communities by equipping them with knowledge, tools and techniques to interact with government systems, banks and intermediaries
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs



  • The scheme aims at preserving and promoting the rich heritage of the traditional arts & crafts of the Minority communities. 2.In the light of globalisation & competitive market, these crafts have gradually lost their employability. 3.It also envisages at boosting the skill of craftsmen, weavers and artisans who are already engaged in the traditional ancestral work.
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

Hunar Haat


  • It is aimed at promoting and supporting artisans from Minority communities and providing them domestic as well as international market for display and sell their products.
  • The Hunar Haat exhibition has been organised by the National Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) under “USTTAD” scheme In it about 184 master artisans from across the country are showcasing their traditional art and skills at about 100 stalls at the international platform.
  • It seeks to provide an excellent platform to artisans belonging to Minority communities from across nation to display their art and skills before domestic and international visitors.
  • Nodal Ministry –The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs

Stanapan Suraksha Scheme


  • To promote breastfeeding and keep a tab on “inappropriate” promotion of baby food items. Stanpan Suraksha is first-of-its-kind app deveopled for promoting breastfeeding and baby food promotion reporting mechanism.
  • Using it any person can click a photograph of inappropriate baby food promotion around them and related equipment and send it to BPNI.
  • The app also has a city-wise database of trained breastfeeding counsellor to educate and provide assistance to mothers during antenatal and postnatal period. It has sign up option for mothers who wish to become a breastfeeding counsellor, pledging for petition and donation.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Eklavya Model Residential Schools

  • Eklavya Model Residential School Scheme was started in 1998
  • First school was started in the year 2000 in Maharashtra.
  • EMRSs have been functioning as institutions of excellence for tribal students.
  • In order to further educational opportunities for more ST children, Government has sought to extend the facility of EMRSs in all the 672 Blocks where ST population is more than 50% of the total population in a span of next five years.
  • Funds for establishing the school are arranged by both Centre and State government together.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme


  • To decrease the dropout rate in the transition from elementary to the secondary stage. Given for Class 9th and 10th.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana


  • Educational empowerment of Scheduled castes.
  • Central assistance is provided to the implementing agencies viz. State Governments/UT Administrations/ Central and State Universities/ Non-Governmental Organisations/Deemed Universities in the private sector, for construction of fresh hostels/expansion of existing hostel facilities for Scheduled Castes students.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

National Overseas Scholarship Scheme.


  • Financial support to SC and ST students pursuing Master’s level courses and PhD/Post-Doctoral courses abroad.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Scheme for up-gradation of merit of SC students.


  • Upgrade the merit of SC students by providing them remedial and special coaching in classes IX to XII.
  • Income Ceiling: Rs. 3.00 Lakh per annum .
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Self Employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers (SRMS)


  • To rehabilitate all the remaining manual scavengers and their dependents in alternative occupations.The main features of the Scheme include one-time cash assistance, training with stipend and concessional loans with subsidy for taking up alternative occupations.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Sugmay Bharat Abhiyaan


  • The target of this scheme is to make at least fifty government buildings disabled-friendly under the campaign in each of the state till the end of 2016 and make 25 per cent of the public transport vehicles under the government as disabled-friendly till mid-2017.
  • A remarkable feature of the scheme is that a website will also be made where the people can put their views on the accessibility of any building.
  • The international airports in the country and railway stations which come under A1, A and B categories will be made fully disabled-friendly.
  • Special set-top boxes will be made available to make watching TV more convenient for the visually impaired. In the next 5 years, almost 200 persons will be trained to speak in sign languages on government TV channels. Government websites will also be made friendlier by using text to speech option.
  • Under the scheme, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will give free motorized tricycles to persons with 70-90% disability.
  • A Sugamya Bharat mobile app which can provide information on disabled-friendly public facilities in a city, will be launched under the scheme.
  • For awareness, a team of experts will conduct workshops for sensitizing the main parties including builders and activists.
  • Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment



  • Early Intervention and School Readiness Scheme.
  • This is an early intervention and school readiness scheme for children upto 10 years with the disabilities covered under the National Trust Act.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment



  • A day care scheme for persons with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities, above 10 years for enhancing interpersonal and vocational skills.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

SAMARTH Respite Care


  • A scheme to provide respite home for orphans, families in crisis, Persons with Disabilities (PwD) from BPL, LIG families with at least one of the four disabilities covered under the National Trust Act.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment



  • Group Home for Adults.
  • This scheme provides housing and care services throughout the life of the person with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

NIRMAYA Health Insurance Scheme.


  • This scheme is to provide affordable Health Insurance to persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

SAHYOGI Caregiver training scheme


  • A scheme to set up Caregiver Cells (CGCs) for training and creating skilled workforce of caregivers to care for Person with Disabilities (PwD) and their families.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

GYAN PRABHA Educational support


  • Scheme to encourage people with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities for pursuing educational/ vocational courses.
  • Nodal Ministry –Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.

PRERNA Marketing Assistance.


  • A marketing scheme to create viable & widespread channels for the sale of products and services produced by persons with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities
  • Nodal Ministry – Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Schemes and Policies for Women

       SCHEME      OBJECTIVES             SALIENT                                   FEATURESMINISTRY
Nirbhaya Fund -Nirbhaya Fund is an Indian rupee 10 billion corpus announced by the Government of India in its 2013 Union Budget.
-According to the then Finance Minister P. Chidambaram, this fund is expected to support initiatives by the government and NGOs working towards protecting the dignity and ensuring the safety of women in India.
-Nirbhaya (fearless) was the pseudonym given to the 2012 Delhi gang-rape victim to hide her actual identity.
Earlier Ministry of Home Ministry, Now Ministry of Women & Child
ICDS-To prevent and reduce young child under-nutrition
(% underweight children 0- 3 years) by 10 percentage
-Enhance early development and learning outcomes in
all children 0-6 years of age,
-improve the care and nutrition of girls and women and
reduce anaemia prevalence in young children, girls and
women by one fifth by the end of the 12th five-year plan.
-It is a centrally sponsored scheme
-The engagement of the Anganwadi worker and helper from the same village
-It is a universal and self-selecting scheme i.e. anyone can visit the Aanganwadi centre and
enrol these services.
-Package of six services i.e.
o SNP – supplementary nutrition programme
o Pre-school education
o Health and nutrition education,
o Immunization,
o Health check-up and
o Referral services to the beneficiaries
AEC-cum-crèche, AWC-cum counsellor.
Ministry of Women & Child
Mahila Police Volunteer It envisages the creation of a link between the police authorities and the local communities in villages through police volunteers who will be women specially trained for this purpose. Under this scheme, it is expected to have at least one such volunteer in every village whose primary job will be to keep an eye on situations where women in the village are harassed or their rights and entitlements are denied or their development is prevented. Joint initiative b/w Min. of WCD and Home Min.Ministry of Women & Child and Home Ministry
UJJAWALA Yojana A comprehensive scheme for prevention of trafficking and rescue, rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitationMinistry of Women & Child
One-Stop centre scheme1. To provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces under one roof.
2. To facilitate immediate, emergency and non-emergency access to a range of … support under one roof to fight against any forms of violence against women
1. These centres will provide immediate access to a range of services including medical, legal, psychological and counselling support to the victims.
2. The OSC will support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence, also for girls below 18 years of age, institutions and authorities established under Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 will be linked with the OSC.
3. In addition to this, a single uniform number –181 will provide 24-hour emergency response to all women affected by violence, through referral (linking with appropriate authorities such as Police, OSC or hospital); funding thru’ Nirbhaya fund
Ministry of Women & Child
Swadhar Grehs Homes for relief and rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances including survivors of rape/assault etc.
Provision for food clothing, counselling. training, clinical and legal aid; long term
Ministry of Women & Child
She-Box Online complaint Management System for women working in both public and private organizations to ensure effective implementation of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace ActMinistry of Women & Child
Universalization of Women Helpline  Ministry of Women & Child
The mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women: To achieve holistic empowerment of women through
the convergence of schemes/programmes of different Ministries/
Department of Government of India as well as State
-It aimed at improving the declining Child Sex Ratio; ensuring survival. & protection
of the girl child; ensuring her education, and empowering her to fulfil her potentials social sector welfare schemes for care, protection and development of
-It will provide an interface for rural women to approach the government for availing their entitlements and for empowering them through training and capacity building.
Ministry of Women & Child
Mahila Shakti Kendra -Mahila Shakti Kendras will converge all Govt. Schemes for women at National, State, District and Block level
Skill Development, Employment, Digital Literacy, Health and Nutrition.
-Through this scheme, the government plans to reach 115 most backward districts in the country with 920 Mahila Shakti Kendra…
Ministry of Women & Child
PRIYADARSHINI SCHEME(discontinued in 2016) Women’s Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme in the Mid Gangetic PlainsMinistry of Women & Child
Sabla-Enable the adolescent girls for self-development and
-Improve their nutrition and health status.
-Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, adolescent
reproductive and sexual health (ARSH) and family and child care.
-To educate, skill and make them ready for life’s challenges
Nutrition provision
– Iron and folic acid (IFA) supplementation
– Health check-up and referral services
– Nutrition & health education (NHE)
-Counselling/guidance on family welfare, ARSH, child
care practices and home management.
-Upgrade home-based skills, life skills and integrate
with the national skill development program (NSDP)
for vocational skills.
-Mainstream out of school adolescent girls into
formal/non-formal education.
-Provide information/guidance about existing public
services such as PHC, CHC, post office, bank, police
the station, etc.
Ministry of Women & Child
Saksham  Ministry of Women & Child
Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana-Empower women in agriculture by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and productivity,
-Create and sustain agriculture-based livelihoods of rural women.
-a sub-component of the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM)
– Under the Pariyojana, projects are conceived in such a manner that the skill base of the women in agriculture is enhanced to enable them to pursue their livelihoods on a sustainable basis.
-Under MKSP sustainable agriculture, 58 projects from 14 States have been sanctioned which will benefit 24.5 lakhs Mahila Kisans during the period.
Ministry of Rural Development
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao 1.Prevent Female infanticide
2.Ensure Every Girl Child is Protected
3.Ensure every Girl Child is educated
Enforcement of PC & PNDT Act, nation-wide awareness and advocacy campaign and multi-sectoral action in select 100 districts (low on Child Sex Ratio) in the first phase.
-Under this scheme, there is a strong emphasis on mindset change through training, sensitization, awareness-raising and community mobilization on ground.
It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
Sukanya samriddhi yojana 1.(Minor) bank account for girl child below the age of 10.
2.She can withdraw 50% of the money after reaching the age of 18 e.g. for higher education. 18 years deadline will also help to prevent child-marriages.
For initial account opening, minimum deposit Rs.1000 required.
Later, any amount in multiples of 100 can be deposited, but maximum Rs. 1.5 lakh per year.
Interest rate: 9.1% compounded annually.
Ministry of Women & Child
Pocso-e Box 1, POCSO e-box is a unique endeavour by NCPCR for receiving an online complaint of Child Sexual Abuse directly from the victim.
2. Through a well-defined procedure, complaints are directly followed up by a team which counsels the victim, providing further guidance for required legal action. Through a short animation film embedded in the e-box, it assures the victim not to feel bad, helpless or confused as it’s not her fault. With the e-box, it is easy to register a complaint through a step-by-step guided process.
The Ministry of Women & Child
It is an initiative of the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), for Direct online Reporting of Child Sexual Abuse.
NARI Due to scattered information on various women-centric schemes/legislations, there is a lack of awareness
among people regarding the same. To address this problem the government launched NARI portal as a single
window access to information and services
Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology
e-samvaad Portal It is a platform for NGOs and civil society to interact with the Ministry of Women and Child Development
(MWCD) by providing their feedback, suggestions, put up grievances, share best practices etc.
• This will help in the formulation of effective policies and measures for the welfare of women and children.
Ministry of Women & Child
Stree Swabhiman -It aims to create a sustainable model for providing adolescent girls and women access to affordable sanitary products in rural areas.
-Under this project, sanitary napkin micro manufacturing units (semi-automatic and manual process
production unit) are being set up at CSCs across India, particularly those operated by women entrepreneurs.
-The product will be sold under the local brand name and marketed by village-level entrepreneurs.
-Each facility will employ 8-10 women and educate women of their society to overcome this social taboo.
-It also has a menstrual hygiene related awareness generation component and is also expected to reduce
drop-out rates in girls on reaching puberty.
Ministry of
Electronics and Information
technology (MeITY)
 -The program aimed at capacity building of EWRs is being organized by the National Institute of Public Cooperation and
Child Development (NIPCCD) of the MoWCD.
-It is the first-ever initiative which will train approximately twenty thousand EWRs covering nearly 50 EWRs
from each district (by March 2018) who will go out and administer the villages professionally.
– It will help in creating model villages, ensure their effective participation in the governance process and help
preparing women as political leaders of the future.
Ministry of women and Child
Support to Training and Employment
Programme for Women (STEP)
 -To provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs.
-The scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country.
Ministry of women and Child
Rashtriya Mahila Kosh -RMK is a national credit fund for women under the aegis of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
-It was established in 1993 for socio-economic empowerment of women.
-It aims to provide financial services with backward and forward linkages for women in the unorganized sector through Intermediary Micro Finance Organizations (IMOs) and Women Self Help Groups (SHGs) and to augment their capacities through multi-pronged efforts.
-RMK also extends micro-credit to the women in the informal sector through a client-friendly, without collateral and in a hassle-free manner for income generation activities
Ministry of women and child

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