UPSC Prelims Polity Trend Analysis part 4

Pre 2011

  1. What is the difference between “vote-on-account” and “interim budget”?
  1. The provision of a “vote-on-account” is used by a regular Government, while an “interim budget” is a provision used by a caretaker Government.
  2. A “vote-on-account” only deals with the expenditure in Government’s budget, while an “interim budget” includes both expenditure and receipts.

Which of the statements; given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) Both 1 and 2

(d.) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Vote on account is passed every year, used by both regular and caretaker govt
  • Vote on account deals only with expenditure while interim budget both revenue and expenditure <see titbits for more>

Learnings – Can’t repeat enough, learn passage of budget

  1. In India, if a religious sect/community is given “the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to?
  1. It can establish and administer exclusive educational institutions.
  2. The President of India automatically nominates a representative of the community to LokSabha.
  3. It can derive benefits from the Prime Minister’s 15-Point Programme.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 2 and 3 only’

(c.) 1 and 3 only

(d.) 1, 2 and 3

2 is obviously wrong, there is no communal representation, seats in LS for anglo indians that too not automatic

Learning – Learns FRs by heart

  1. The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the- Consolidated Fund of India must come from:

(a.) The President of India

(b.) The Parliament of India

(c.) The Prime. Minister of India

(d.) The Union Finance, Minister

REpeated infinite times, parliamentary approval required, president recommendation before introducing the money bill

Learning – Learn 3 funds, CFI, Contingency, Public accounts , Parliamentary control over finances

  1. All revenues received by the Union. Government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of Government business are credited to the:

(a.) Contingency Fund of India

(b.) Public Account

(c.) Consolidated Fund of India

(d.) Deposits and Advances Fund

Internal repeat, Everything goes and comes out of Consolidated fund of India

  1. When the annual Union Budget is not passed by the LokSabha 

(a.) the Budget is modified and presented again

(b.) the Budget is referred to the RajyaSabha for suggestions

(c.) the Union Finance Minister is asked to resign,

(d.) the Prime Minister submits the resignation of Council of Ministers

Simple resignation, money bill rejected, govt resigns

Learning – Passage of Budget

  1. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?

(a.) To vote in public elections

(b.) To develop the scientific temper

(c.) To safeguard public property

(d.) To abide by me Constitution and respect its ideals

Repeated ad nauseam, voting not a FD

  1. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, which of the following statements is correct?

(a.) It encourages the inflow of foreign capital for infrastructure development

(b.) It facilitates the proper distribution of finances among the Public Sector Undertakings

(c.) It ensures transparency in financial administration

(d.) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

FC repeated, it deals with distribution of taxes b/w union and states

Learning – Role of FC, FCv/s PC, article 275, 282 and 280

  1. Among the following who are eligible to benefit from the “Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act”?

(a.) Adult members of only the scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households

(b.) Adult members of below poverty line (BPL) households

(c.) Adult members of households of all backward communities

(d.) Adult members of any household

There is no BPL/APl, SC/ST, though ⅓ should go to women, it should be adult member of rural households

  1. The Constitution (Seventy-Third Amendment) Act, 1992, which aims at promoting the Panchayati Raj Institutions in the country, provides for which of the following?
  1. Constitution of District Planning Committees.
  2. State Election Commissions to conduct all panchayat elections.
  3. Establishment of State Finance Commissions.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 1 and 2 only

(c.) 2 and 3 only

(d.) 1, 2 and 3

2 and 3 are easily correct. Statement 1 is very tricky as DPC is under 74th amendment

Learning – Evolution of local planning <MAyo, Rippon to 3 committees post independence>, Mandatory v/s optional provisions, schedule 11 and 12

  1. Consider the following statements :

In India, a Metropolitan Planning Committee

  1. is constituted under the provisions of the Constitution of India.
  2. prepares the draft development plans for metropolitan area.
  3. has the sole responsibility for implementing Government sponsored schemes in the metropolitan area.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a.) 1 and 2 only

(b.) 2 only

(c.) 1 and 3 only

(d.) 1, 2 and 3

Similar to DPC. Statement 3, sole responsibility gives it away. Can not be the only body responsible for development. 1nd 2 easily correct

Learning – DPC and MPC

  1. Consider the following :
  1. Right to education.
  2. Right to equal access to public service.
  3. Right to food.

Which of the above is/are Human Right/Human Rights under “Universal Declaration of Human Rights”?

(a.) 1 only

(b.) 1 and 2 only

(c.) 3 only

(d.) 1, 2 and 3

Obviously all are human rights

Pre 2010

  1. .With reference to the Constitution of India, consider the following:
  1. Fundamental Rights
  2.  Fundamental Duties
  3. Directive Principles of State Policy

Which of the above provisions of the Constitution of India is/are fulfilled by the National Social Assistance Programme launched by the Government of India?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Repeated infinite times, social assistance = welfare = socio economic democracy = DPSP

  1. Who of the following shall cause every recommendation made by the Finance Commission to be laid before each House of Parliament?
  1. The President of India
  2. The Speaker of Lok Sabha
  3. The Prime Minister of India
  4. The Union Finance Minister
  • Repeated again – FC, UPSC, CAG, NVSC, NCST etc submit reports to president who cause them to be laid before parliament.
  • On the other hand in case of committees of parliament like PAC, chairperson submits report to the house
  1. Which one of the following is responsible for the preparation and presentation of Union Budget to the Parliament?
  1. Department of Revenue
  2. Department of Economic Affairs
  3. Department of Financial Services
  4. Department of Expenditure

Repeated in 2015,

4,Which one of the following authorities makes recommendation to the Governor of a State as to the principles for determining the taxes and duties which may be appropriated by the Panchayats in that particular State?

  1. District Planning Committees
  2. State Finance Commission
  3. Finance Ministry of that State
  4. Panchayati Raj Ministry of that State

Simple – Repeat, Role of Finance commission is to distribute taxes. Observe that DPC was asked next year in other format

  1. With reference to Lok Adalats, which of the following statements is correct?
  1. Lok Adalats have the jurisdiction to settle the matters at pre-litigation stage and not those matters pending before any court
  2. Lok Adalats can deal with matters which are civil and not criminal in nature
  3. Every Lok Adalat consists of either serving or retired judicial officers only and not any other person
  4. None of the statements given above is correct
  • Why not pending cases, in fact courts encourage mediation and ADR. 3rd statement only gives it away. Even petty criminal cases can be tried here <compoundable offences>
  • Imp.- Order can not be challenged in any court of law once it has been accepted by both the party

Learning – Lok Adalat, Gram Nyayalay, ADR, Arbitration amendment act

  1. .With reference to the Consumer Disputes Redressal at district level in India, which one of the following statements is not correct?
  1. A State Government can establish more than one District Forum in a district if it deems fit
  2. One of the members of the District Forum shall be a woman
  3. The District Forum entertains the complaints where the value of goods or services does not exceed rupees fifty lakhs
  4. A complaint in relation to any goods sold or any service provided may be tiled with a District Forum by the State Government as a representative of the interests of the consumers in general

Repeated question from consumer protection act

Learning – Consumer protection act, amendment, FSSAI

  1. .With reference to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, consider the following:

1. The Right to Development

2. The Right to Expression

3. The Right to Recreation.

Which of the above is / are the Rights of the child?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 3 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

All are rights . Common sense. Earlier question on human right was asked

8.The ”Instrument of Instructions” contained in the Government of India Act 1935 have been incorporated in the Constitution of India in the year 1950 as

  1. Fundamental Rights
  2. Directive Principles of State Policy
  3. Extent of executive power of State
  4. Conduct of business of the Government of India

Repaeted an nauseum

  1. Consider the following statements:

The Supreme Court of India tenders advice to the President of India on matters of law or fact

  1. on its own initiative (on any matter of larger public interest).
  2. if he seeks such an advice.
  3. only if the matters relate to the Fundamental Rights of the citizens.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 1 and 2

Obviously only if he seeks. Then too only in case is supreme court bound to tender advice

Learning  Original and advisory jurisdiction

Pre 2009

  1.  If a Panchayat is dissolved, elections are to be held within:
  1. 1 month     
  2. 3 months
  3. 6 months     
  4. 1 year

Learning – Compulsory and optional provision of 73rd and 74th amendment including reservation requirement

  1. Consider the following statements:

1. The Governor of Punjab is concurrently the Administrator of Chandigarh

2 The Governor of Kerala is’ concurrently the Administrator of Lakshadweep

Which of the above statements is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. 1,2 and 3

Covered in titbits

3.Consider the following statements:

  1. The Advocate General of a State in India is appointed by the President of India upon the recommendation of the Governor of the concerned State.
  2. As provided in Civil Procedure Code, High Courts have original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction at the State level.

Which of the above statements is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
  • Why would advocate general be appointed by president, he is appointed by governor, fired by governor. <high court judges are appointed and removed by president>. Ad G is employee of state govt
  • High courts have no advisory jurisdiction

Learning – Repeated ad nauseum, Original and advisory jurisdiction of courts , writ of high court v/s supreme court

  1. In India, the first Municipal Corporation was set up in which one among the following?
  1. Calcutta
  2. Madras
  3. Bombay     
  4. Delhi

Learning – evolution of Local Bodies, 1st Panchayat in nagaur, rajasthan

  1. With reference to Lok Adalats, consider the following statements:
  1. An award made by a Lok Adalat is deemed to be a decree of a civil court and no appeal lies against thereto before any court.
  2. Matrimonial/Family disputes are not covered under Lok Adalat.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     

Family disputes are commonly resolved. Lok adalat repeated next year

  1.  With reference to Union Government, consider the following statements:

1. The Constitution of India provides that all Cabinet Ministers shall be compulsorily the sitting members of Lok Sabha only.

2. The Union Cabinet Secretariat operates under the direction of the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2
  • Repeat, can be member of either house or become member in 6 months. Cabinet secretariat is not concerned with parliament so why with Ministry of parliamentary affairs but with
  • Questions related to cabinet secretariat and cabinet secretary repeated
  1.  Which one of the following Constitutional Amendments states that the total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed fifteen percent of the total number of members of the House of the People?
  1. 90th     
  2. 91st
  3. 92nd     
  4. 93rd

91st, amendment of anti defection law

Learning – 10th schedule, repeated again and again

  1. Consider the following statements:

1. Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) was set up during the Prime Minister ship of Lal Bahadur Shastri.

2. The Members of CAT are drawn from both judicial and administrative streams.

Which of the statements given above is are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

CAT with 42nd amendment act i.e Indira Gandhi, 2nd is obviously true

Learn – CAT, Jurisdiction, Appeal against CAT decision

  1. With reference to Union Government, consider the following statements:

1. The number of Ministries at the Centre on 15th August 1947 was 18.

2 The number of Ministries at the Centre at present is 36.

Which of the statements given above is are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Obviously rubbish question

  1. With reference to Union Government consider the following statements:

1. The Ministries and Departments of the Government of India are created by the Prime Minister on the advice of the Cabinet Secretary.

2. Each of the Ministries is assigned to a Minister by the President of India on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

  1. 1 only     
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2     
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Obviously even ministries would then be created by President on advice of Pm

  1.  In India, who is the Chairman of the National Water Resources Council?
  1. Prime Minister
  2. Minister of Water Resources
  3. Minister of Environment and Forests
  4. Minister of Science and Technology

Learning – PM is chairperson of ???? councils / bodies

  1. Under the administration of which one of the following is the Department of Atomic Energy?
  1. Prime Minister’s Office
  2. Cabinet Secretariat
  3. Ministry of Power
  4. Ministry of Science and Technology

Learning – PMO and cabinet secretariat

By Dr V

Doctor by Training | AIIMSONIAN | Factually correct, Politically not so much | Opinionated? Yes!

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