[Prelims Spotlight] Acts & Schemes Related to Education

1.SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAAN

Salient Features –

  • Universalizing elementary education across the countryRashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan, Vidhyanjali, PBBB.
  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in partnership with State Governments for universalizing elementary education across the country. Its overall goals include universal access and retention, bridging of gender and social category gaps in education and enhancement of learning levels of children.
  • SSA provides for a variety of interventions, including inter alia, opening of new schools, construction of schools and additional classrooms, toilets and drinking water, provisioning for teachers, periodic teacher training and academic resource support, textbooks and support for learning achievement. These provisions are made in accordance with norms and standards and free entitlements as mandated by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human resources Development

2. Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat

Salient Features –

  • The programme looks to improve the reading and writing skills of children in classes I and II, along with their mathematics skills.
  • It is being implemented under the aegis of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human resources Development

3.The Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

Salient Features –

  • To raise the minimum level of education to class X and universalize access to secondary education;
  • To ensure good-quality secondary education with focus on Science, Mathematics and English; and
  • To reduce the gender, social and regional gaps in enrolments, dropouts and improving retention
  • To make sure that the secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, etc.Important physical facilities are provided which include, (i) additional class rooms, (ii) laboratories, (iii) libraries, (iv) art and crafts room, (v) toilet blocks, (vi) drinking water provisions, (vii) electricity / telephone/internet connectivity and (viii) disabled friendly provisions. Improvement in quality through, (i) appointment of additional teachers to improve PTR (ii) in-service training of teachers, (iii) ICT enabled education, (iv) curriculum reforms and (v) teaching learning reforms. Equity aspects addressed through (i) special focus in micro planning, (ii) preference to areas with concentration of SC/ST/minority for opening of schools, (iii) special enrolment drive for the weaker section, (iv) more female teachers in schools and (v) separate toilet blocks for girls.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human resources Development

4.Atal Tinkering Laboratories

  • Part of Atal Innovation Mission.
  • NITI Aayog

5.RASHTRIYA UCHCHATAR SHIKSHA ABHIYAN (RUSA)

Salient Features –

Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), launched in 2013. It aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions based on their progress.

• The key objectives of RUSA are to improve access, equity and quality in higher education through planned development of higher education at the state level.

• The central funding (in the ratio of 60:40 for general category States, 90:10 for special category states and 100% for union territories) would be norm based and outcome dependent.

• The funding flows from the central ministry through the state governments/union territories to the State Higher Education Councils before reaching the identified institutions.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of human resources

6.Ucchatar Avishkar Yojana

Salient Features –

The objectives of UAY scheme are to promote innovation in IITs addressing issues of manufacturing industries; to spur innovative mindset; to co-ordinate action between academia & industry and to strengthen labs & research facilities.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of HRD

7.Unnat Bharat Abhiyaan

Salient Features –

Building institutional capacity in Institutes of higher education in research & training relevant to the needs of rural India. ii.Provide rural India with professional resource support from institutes of higher education ,especially those which have acquired academic excellence in the field of Science, Engineering & Technology and Management.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of HRD

8.Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN) –

Salient Features –

  • Aimed at tapping the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs, internationally to encourage their engagement with the institutes of Higher Education in India.
  • To augment the country’s existing academic resources, accelerate the pace of quality reform, and elevate India’s scientific and technological capacity to global excellence.
  • It enables interaction of students and faculty with the best academic and industry experts from all over the world and also share their experiences and expertise to motivate people to work on Indian problems.
  • It is a system of Guest Lectures by internationally and nationally renowned experts targeted towards a comprehensive Faculty Development Programme not only for new IITs, IIMs, IISERs but also other institutions in the country.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human Resource Development

9.Vishwajeet Scheme

Salient Features –

The scheme entailed the provision of Rs. 1,250 crore to each of the top seven IITs over a period of five years to upgrade infrastructure, hire foreign faculty, and collaborate with foreign institutions to break into the top league in global rankings.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of HRD

10.Higher Education Finance Agency

Salient Features –

  • The HEFA will be jointly promoted by the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and identified Promoter.
  • HEFA will have an authorised capital of 2,000 crore rupees and the government equity would be 1,000 crore rupees
  • It will be formed as a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) within a PSU Bank or the Government-owned-NBFC (Promoter)
  • It would leverage the equity to raise up to Rs. 20,000 crore for funding infrastructure and development projects of world class Labs in IIMs/IITs/NITs and such other institutions.
  • The HEFA will also mobilise CSR funds from Corporates/PSUs which will in turn be released for promoting research and innovation in these institutions on grant basis
  • The principal portion of the loan will be repaid through the ‘internal accruals’ of the institutions earned through the fee receipts, research earnings etc
  • All the Centrally Funded Higher Educational Institutions will be eligible to join as members of the HEFA
  • For joining as members, the educational institution must agree to escrow a specific amount from their internal accruals for a period of 10 years to the HEFA.
  • This escrow will secure the future flows that would be securitised by the HEFA for mobilising the funds from the market.
  • Each member institution would be eligible for a credit limit based on the amount agreed to be escrowed from the internal accruals as decided by HEFA.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of HRD and identified promoter

11.UDAAN (Giving Wings to Girl Students)

Salient Features –

  • Aims at addressing the lower enrolment of girls in engineering colleges/IITs and technological institutions. -Udaan is a platform that empowers the girl students, facilitate their aspiration of joining the prestigious engineering institutions and take important role in development/ progress of the country in future.
  • -Under this program, students are provided free offline / online resources through virtual weekend contact classes and study material on pre-loaded tablet while studying in Class XI and Class XII for preparation of admission test to various premier engineering colleges in the country

.Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human Resource Development

12.SWAYAM

Salient Features –

  • Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds
  • To provide the best quality education to more than three crore students across the country – It is the Indian electronic e-education platform which proposes to offer courses from the high school stage to Post-Graduate stage in an interactive electronic platform.
  • US government is cooperating in this project.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human Resource Development

13. Swayam Prabha

32 Direct-to-Home channels for transmitting high-quality educational content.

14.National Digital Library

The National Digital library of India (NDLI) is a project under Ministry of Human Resource Development, India. The objective is to integrate several national and international digital libraries in one single web-portal. The NDLI provides free access to many books in English and the Indian languages.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human resource Development

14.National Academic Depository

Authenticating all certificates issued by institutions

15.ShaGun

Salient Features –

  • It has two components i.e. one is a Repository of best practices, photographs, videos, studies, newspaper articles etc on elementary education, State /UT wise. These would be in the public domain with the purpose to provide a platform for all stakeholders to learn from success stories of each other. This would also instill a positive competitive spirit among all the States and UTs.
  • The second part is regarding the online monitoring of the SSA implemented by States and UTs and will be accessed by Government Officers at all levels using their specific passwords.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry for Human Resource Development (MHRD)

16. Shala Asmita Yojana (SAY)

Salient Features –

  • To track the educational journey of school students from Class I to Class XII across the 15 lakhs private and government schools in the country.
  • ASMITA will be an online database which will carry information of student attendance and enrolment, learning outcomes, mid-day meal service and infrastructural facilities among others. Students will be tracked through their Aadhaar numbers and incase those not having unique number will be provided.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human Resource Development.

17.Saransh

Salient Features –

Tool which allows the schools to identify areas of improvement in students, teachers and curriculum to facilitate and implement change.

18.Shala Siddhi

Salient Features –

Comprehensive instrument for school evaluation which enables the schools to evaluate their performance in more focused and strategic manner to facilitate them to make professional judgement for continuous improvement

19.Shaala Darpan

Salient Features –

Shaala Darpan is an ICT programme of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India that to provide mobile access to parents of students of Government and Government aided schools.

Using Shaala Darpan parents can view updates on their child’s progress. They can view records of attendance, assignments and achievements of their child. The ministry aims to launch the service by 2015 academic session.

20. Ishan Vikas

Salient Features –

Academic Exposure for North Eastern Students ; to bring selected college and school students from the north eastern states into close contact with IITs, NITs and IISERs

21. Saransh

Salient Features –

  • Saransh is a web portal launched by Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) of India, with the primary aim of promoting information and communication technologies in schools-It serves as an interface for enhancing communication between schools as well as parents.
  • It offers a data-driven decision support system to aid parents in evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of children, which, in turn would assist in taking informed decisions for children’s future.

CBSE

22. Ishan Uday

Salient Features –

For Students of North East Region . The UGC has launched a special scholarship scheme for students of north east region, Ishan Uday .

23. Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF)

Salient Features –

Scholarship for higher education

23. Revitalization Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE)

Salient Features –

  • It is a new initiative to step up investments in centrally funded institutions like IITs, Central Universities and others such institutes
  • Funding will be provided through Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)

Nodal Ministry –

.Ministry of Human Resource Development.

24.TECHNICAL EDUCATION QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME

Salient Features –

  • (TEQIP)aims to overhaul the quality of technical education in the Low Income States and Special Category States (SCS).-The project commenced with the World Bank assistance to Government of India to launch a TEQIP as a long term programme of 10-12 years and in 2 or 3 phases. The present 3rd Phase of the schemes has central, eastern and north-eastern region and hill states as its focus states
  • The measures under TEQIP include:
  • Institution based: accreditation of the courses through NBA, governance reforms, improving the processes, digital initiatives, securing autonomy for the colleges.
  • Student based: improving the quality of teaching, teacher training, equipping the class rooms, revision of syllabus, industry interaction, compulsory internships for students, training the students in industry relevant skills, preparing them for the GATE exam etc.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of Human Resource Development

25.SAMEEP

Salient Features –

  • Student and MEA Engagement Program (SAMEEP) is an outreach program to familiarise the students in India about the functioning of Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and also take India’s global engagement and its foreign policy to the grass root levels.
  • It is voluntary in nature under which MEA officers, under-secretary and above will visit their home towns and cities and their Alma Maters to bring foreign policy to the masses and raise their interest in diplomacy as career option.

Nodal Ministry –

Ministry of external affairs

26.Vidyanjali

Salient Features –

  • Creating an ecosystem,wherein education will be attached with imbibing knowledge and improving learning output-To involve volunteers from different walks of life to strengthen the co-scholastic activities in government schools.,
  • Performing arts and life skills also to be included.
  • Intended beneficiaries are School going children of Government school, Government Aided school etc.,

27. Prashikshak

Salient Features –

  • Teacher education portal for District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs). – A unique IT initiative, a first of its kind in the country, which will contain a comprehensive database of all DIETs in the country with all relevant performance indicators
  • Gives the opportunity to Central and State Governments to do real time monitoring of the institutions.
  • Helps benchmark DIETs to enable aspiring teachers to make informed choices about their future.

Nodal Ministry –

Joint collaboration between Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) and Central Square Foundation.

28.Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas

Salient Features –

Opened in Educationally Backward Blocks where the female rural literacy is below the national average to provide for residential upper primary schools for girls.

29.Saakshar Bharat

Salient Features –

Initiatives have been taken under financial literacy to include certified adult literates under Jan Dhan Yojna and mobilize them to open bank accounts

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