3 Oct 2016 | GS 1 | India is a rich source of renewable energy. What are these sources and what are the geographic factors which make it so rich?

GS1 (Indian Geography)

India is a rich source of renewable energy. What are these sources and what are the geographic factors which make it so rich?

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India’s ratification of Paris Climate Accord and the fact that her INDCs emphasize towards renewable energy sources, it is indeed fortunate that India is blessed with many such sources:
1. Solar energy: Half of the country lies below Tropic of Cancer thus ensuring abundant amount of solar energy for us to harness.(e.g. the entire area below Tropic of Cancer)
2. Wind energy: India being a peninsula and sunlight too playing its role in differential heating creates potential for wind energy harnessing.(e.g. Gujarat,Tamil Nadu etc.)
3. Hydel Power: Presence of mountainious terrain coupled with voluminous rivers presents us a great opportunity for hydel power generation(e.g. Satluj,Damodar Valley,Sivasamudram etc.)
4. Tidal Power: Presence of long coastline facilitates generation of tidal energy.
5. Geothermal energy: Manikaran in Himachal Pradesh is a source of geothermal energy.
6. Biomass: We generate a huge amount of organic waste(including agro waste too) which can be tapped for renewable energy too like BIOGAS.

Our govt has also taken note of this abundance and hence instituted various initiatives and policies like National Solar Mission,International Solar Alliance,National Off-Shore Wind Policy, providing incentives to renewable energy producers etc. which can provide for energy independence and sustainable future for the country.

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