4 Oct 2016 | GS3 | Pakistan has threatened first use of its nuclear weapons in the case of war with India. Throughout the 20th century the US and USSR did everything possible to avoid using nuclear weapons. What damage would nuclear weapons result in? How would we contain such damage?

GS3 (Disaster and disaster management)

Pakistan has threatened first use of its nuclear weapons in the case of war with India. Throughout the 20th century the US and USSR did everything possible to avoid using nuclear weapons. What damage would nuclear weapons result in? How would we contain such damage?

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DAMAGE-

-Loss of life and property. Loss of animals.

-Destruction of environment, loss of habitable land.

-Radiations can extend to other nations as well.

-(If India does not retaliate against the nuclear strike) Huge population loss, contamination of land and water, spread of health problems that will continue to exist for decades and centuries. Genetic disorders, reproductive disorders.

-(High chances that India will retaliate) Radiations might reach Iran and Afghanistan. Mutually assured destruction.

-Likely that Pakistan will disappear from world map.

-Indian economy might see a massive hit.

CONTAINING THE DAMAGE-

-Calculating the damage. Stopping nuclear risks. Saving lives.

-Evacuation of the survivors.

-Using nuclear weapons against a country takes hours and sometimes days. The moment Pakistan decided to nuke India, Indian allies will inform India, and Intelligence agencies can prepare at their best levels to minimize the damage and retaliate.

-Preparation of emergency aid. Relief package, medication, clean water and safe food.

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