Promoting Science and Technology – Missions,Policies & Schemes

[pib] Revamped National Gene Bank

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : National Gene Bank

Mains level : Not Much

The Union Agriculture Minister has inaugurated the world’s second-largest refurbished gene bank at the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources.

National Gene Bank

  • The National Gene Bank was established in the year 1996 to preserve the seeds of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) for future generations.
  • It has the capacity to preserve about one million germplasm in the form of seeds.
  • Presently it is protecting 4.52 lakh accessions, of which 2.7 lakh are Indian germplasm and the rest have been imported from other countries.
  • National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources is meeting the need of in-situ and ex-situ germplasm conservation through Delhi Headquarters and 10 regional stations in the country.

Key facilities provided

  • The NGB has four kinds of facilities to cater to long-term as well as medium-term conservation namely:
  1. Seed Gene bank (- 18°C),
  2. Cryo gene bank (-170°C to -196°C),
  3. In-vitro Gene bank (25°C), and
  4. Field Gene bank
  • It stores different crop groups such as cereals, millets, medicinal and aromatic plants, and narcotics, etc.

What is the latest update?

  • This is the world’s second-largest gene bank located in the national capital.
  • It has the capacity to preserve about one million germplasm in the form of seeds.
  • Presently, it is protecting 4.52 lakh accessions, of which 2.7 lakh are Indian germplasm and the rest have been imported from other countries.

UPSC 2022 countdown has begun! Get your personal guidance plan now! (Click here)


Also read:

Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments