Judicial Pendency

What are Lok Adalats?


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Lok Adalat

Mains level: Alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in India

A daily wager in Odisha has moved the Lok Adalat against PM after he allegedly failed to get an Aadhaar card registered in his name despite 21 attempts.

Try this PYQ:

Q. With reference to National Legal Services Authority, consider the following statements:

  1. Its objective is to provide free and competent legal services to the weaker sections of the society on the basis of equal opportunity.
  2. It issues guidelines for the State Legal Services Authorities to implement the legal programmes and schemes throughout the country.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

What are Lok Adalats?

  • Lok Adalat (People’s Court) is an alternative dispute resolution mechanism.
  • The forum can settle cases pending on panchayat or at a pre-litigation stage in a court of law.
  • The decisions have statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
  • Under this Act, the award (decision) made by the Lok Adalats is deemed to be a case of a civil court, final and binding for all parties, and not subject to appeal.
  • It has broad powers to devise its procedures, compared to national courts.
  • If the parties do not recognise the Lok Adalat (though there is no provision for an appeal against such a prize), they may initiate litigation by approaching the court of appropriate jurisdiction.

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