Here are Back2Basics collections from today’s news items
Copyright Act, 1957
- The Copyright Act 1957(wef 21 January 1958) (as amended by the Copyright Amendment Act 2012) governs the subject of copyright law in India.
- The Copyright Act 1957 was the first post-independence copyright legislation in India and the law has been amended six times since 1957.
- The most recent amendment was in the year 2012, through the Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012.
- The history of copyright law in India can be traced back to its colonial era under the British Empire.
- India is a member of most of the important international conventions governing the area of copyright law, including
- the Berne Convention of 1886 (as modified at Paris in 1971),
- the Universal Copyright Convention of 1951,
- the Rome Convention of 1961 and
- the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
India accessed as a member of the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) in July, 2018.
WIPO Copyright Treaty
- It is a Special agreement under Berne Convention (for protection of literary and artistic works).
- It came in force on March 6, 2002 and has been adopted by 96 contracting parties till date.
- It has provisions to extend the protection of copyrights contained therein to the digital environment.
- Further it recognises the rights specific to digital environment, of making work available, to address “on-demand” and other interactive modes of access.
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
- It came in force on May 20, 2002 and has 96 contracting parties as its members.
- WPPT deals with rights of two kinds of beneficiaries, particularly in digital environment –
- Performers (actors, singers, musicians etc.)
- Producers of Phonograms (Sound recordings).
The treaty empowers right owners in the negotiations with new digital platforms and distributors.
It recognizes moral rights of the performers for the first time & provides exclusive economic rights to them.
DNA profiling technology
- DNA fingerprinting or DNA profiling is a method of isolating and identifying variable elements within the base-pair sequence of DNA.
- DNA fingerprinting technology is utilized by police all over the world for fool-proof identification of criminals who leave their traces at the crime scene while committing the crime.
- The technology plays a crucial role in solving crimes as it has potential to link a series of crimes by placing the suspects by linking them with the crime scene.
Here’s a Factoid to brush up your concepts
Name : Cartosat-2 series
Details : The launch marks the roll out of the 100th satellite by ISRO. 30 other satellites – 28 foreign and 2 Indian. 2nd time that ISRO has been able to place satellites in 2 different orbits This was done through the “multiple burn technology” under which the rocket’s engine is switched off and then switched on to control its height.
Launch Vehicle : PSLV C40