In this section, we will deal with the sector which seeks to empower the youth – Skills and Job Creation.
Take a look at basic statistics, which will give you a larger picture about govt.’s approach towards Education, Skills and Job Creation, where the emphasis is to make India a knowledge based and productive society:
The National Skill Development Mission has created an elaborate skilling eco-system and imparted training to 76 lakh youth. Govt. will set up 1500 multi-Skill training institutes across the country, to capitalise our demographic advantage.
Govt. will further scale up Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna to skill one crore youth over the next 3 years.
Benefits: The emphasis on skill development will resonate with India’s youth seeking to improve their employability quotient.
Govt. had launched National Career Service in July, 2015, where 35 million jobs seekers have registered. Govt. will make 100 Model Career Centres operational by the end of 2016-17. It will also inter-link State Employment Exchanges with the National Career Service platform.
Govt. will set up a National Board for Skill Development Certification in partnership with the industry and academia.
Benefits: This will help formally skilled youth to be recognised for employment purposes in public & private sector.
Entrepreneurship education and training will be provided in 2200 colleges, 300 schools, 500 govt ITIs and 50 vocational training centres through Massive Open Online Courses. Govt. will make efforts to connect aspiring entrepreneurs, particularly those from remote parts of the country, to mentors and credit markets.
Govt of India will pay the Employee Pension Scheme contribution of 8.33% for all new employees drawing a salary of up to Rs.15,000 a month and enrolling in EPFO, for the first 3 years of their employment.
Govt. will amend Income Tax Act in order to broaden the scope of employment generation incentives.
Benefits: This will incentivize the employers to recruit unemployed persons and that too in the formal sector. It could also lead to migration of informal sector workers to the formal sector. Of the 470 million plus workforce in India, less than 10% are in the formal sector.
In order to simplify the regulations for the retail sector, which is the largest service sector employer in the country, Govt will circulate a model Model Shops and Establishments Bill, which can be adopted by the State Govts on voluntary basis. The model bill seeks to allow small and medium shops to remain open all 7 days a week on voluntary basis. This will help in creation of new jobs in retail sector.
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Published with inputs from Pushpendra | Image: Finmin