Previously, we discussed about the land revenue experiments here – The First Firangis | Chap 4 | Extracting Land Revenue
If Robert Clive is credited to have won the first hand for EIC and Warren Hastings credited with consolidation of the British ascendancy in India, then it would be no big exaggeration to say that the Marquess of Wellesley was the guy who converted ‘the British Empire in India’ into ‘the British Empire of India.
Like a Boss. #swag #subsidiary alliance
He wasn’t the first guy to come up with the novel idea of extracting a booty from the rulers in exchange for firangi service, his predecessors had concluded alliances with Indian princes like the Nawab of Oudh and the Nizam of Hyderabad.
But, Wellesley enlarged and consolidated the already existing system. If you were a king back then, this is how your agreement would look like.
If we were to draw a quick strip for you (being the ruler), these were the 3 prominent outcomes of the deal for you.
The kingdoms which succumbed to this policy were – Hyderabad, Oudh, Tanjore, Surat, Karnatak and after much resistance – the Marathas (Holkars & Scindia).
You might at this time wonder whether our Indian rulers were so ill-equipped that they lost the wars that easily? That’s hardly the case. But to do justice with that, we will need to take a fresh digression to look at the wars which were fought with Mysore & Marathas.
Will do that in the next chapter.
Two questions for you –
#1. What’s with the name – Marquess of Wellesley. What’s Marquess?
#2. It was said that Tipu had a Jacobin club in his capital. What was that and why did it worry the Brits?