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The data can be used in mains answer. The details about NAPCC are important for prelims. You can read the basics here.
Very important step for social security of low earning workers. Note the problems with present scheme, the need for proposed steps- for mains.
1. India is home to the largest population of malnourished and hunger-stricken people and children leading to high infant and maternal mortality. Along with these issues are a deluge of problems ranging from diseases, lack of education, lack of hygiene, illness, etc.
2. To combat this situation, the Government of India in 1975 initiated the Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) scheme which operates at the state level to address the health issues of small children, all over the country. It is one of the largest child care programmes in the world aiming at child health, hunger, mal nutrition and its related issues.
3. Under the ICDS scheme, one trained person is allotted to a population of 1000, to bridge the gap between the person and organized healthcare, and to focus on the health and educational needs of children aged 0-6 years. This person is the Anganwadi worker.
4. The Anganwadi worker and helper are the basic functionaries of the ICDS who run the anganwadi centre and implement the ICDS scheme in coordination with the functionaries of the health, education, rural development and other departments. Their services also include the health and nutrition of pregnant women, nursing mothers, and adolescent girls.
Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) is a trained female community health activist. Selected from the community itself and accountable to it, the ASHA will be trained to work as an interface between the community and the public health system. One of the key components of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide every village in the country with a ASHA.
Very much needed step in Indian context too. Can be quoted as an example in a mains answer, especially in ethics.
Not directly important but keep track of the issue. It may be quoted in mains answer.
Nothing new here, but you can read about pellet guns and previous changes introduced here.
Important step towards transparency.
The current situation:
Twin pit not accepted:
Swachh Bharat Mission:
The op-ed is important for Prelims and Mains both.
Four basics needed:
Four areas where rebooting of the government Human capital is needed:
NITI Aayog rules:
The Indian state aims to be a high-performing organisation but faces the punishing combination of weak human capital, higher competition for talent and an entrenched status quo. Civil service reform is inevitable, unstoppable and overdue.
Notes from Geneva:
The new resolution:
What has eight years of international human rights engagement really achieved?
Shift in the movement:
After the war ended:
Sri Lankan war crimes horrific: U.N. report:
Engaging the state:
Core historical problems:
For mains- the global issue of human rights violation using the case of Sri Lanka.
Important for prelims.
Prelims trivia. Revise basics of nano-technology.
Can be quoted in mains answer on issue of corruption or issue related to PCA- need of approval before prosecution of govt officers. Points 4-7 need to be memorised, especially since the DoPT has many other rules. E.g. these rules may not be applicable to IAS, IRS etc or other rules may come in conflict and lead to different outcomes.
The important point here is the continuing dilemma of more oversight (leading to reduced corruption) vs independence to take decisions (necessary for resolving problems quickly) as highlighted in points 8-11.
Reminder to revise cyclones from physical geography book. Also note the name and location of the landfall. It might become a prelims titbit.