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15 Oct 2017 | Target Mains | Question 4

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  •  Avinash Mishra @avinash-mishra

    From being a net importer of grains to being a food surplus nation India has traveled a long way.The dividends of this progress are still not equitably distributed and hence we see India scoring high on Global Hunger Index.Despite the continuous focus on hunger, we are not able to eradicate because :
    1) The current spending of government on mid-day meals is low which in turn forces school management to take feed two children from one meal.
    2)Diversion of grains from PDS to open market for the private profiteering of store owners.
    3)Failure of state governments to apply National food security act 2013 which ensures grains to poor, lactating mothers at subsidized costs.
    4)The hunger eradication programs have been focussed only towards villages there is a complete negligence of urban areas.
    5)Rising food prices, for example till few months back pulses were sold at the rate of 120 rupees rate thereby being out of reach of poor who can spend about only 70 rupees a day.
    Way Forward :
    1) The government should introduce coarse grains in PDS which have nutritional values and are not preferred by well-off thereby curtailing the chances of diversion.
    2)Adding additional nutrients to the food packets through the scientific process can be taken up.
    3)The recent decision by women and child development ministry to distribute nutrition packets through post office is a right step.
    4)Implementation of NFSA 2013 and raising per child expenditure on mid-day meal would further ensure food security.
    The demographic dividend can be realized only when the population is adequately nourished.An empty stomach and tender bodies are symbols of horrible poverty for a nation which contests to lead the world order.

  •  Parvathy @parvathy2490

    The GHI is a multidimensional statistical tool used to describe the state of countries’ hunger situation. India has a “serious” hunger problem and ranks 100th out of 119 countries on the global hunger index.
    Reason-
    1) Top to bottom growth- Since independence focus was more on industries, power plants etc cooperative though introduce but their implementation of ideas , micro-finance ,inclusiveness was lacking which affected badly downtrodden.
    2) Policy Paralysis- Every govt come new schemes without evaluating the success of older schmes. Also because of less statistics and loopholes in various surveys never present the true picture.
    3) Economic Crunch-finance was always a headle, further with various scams, corruptions and nepostism and favoritism has never brought the desired results.
    4) Schemes- though schemes like ICDS, JSY,RSBY,various immunization programs,mid-day meal,food for work, Food security bill etc where there but implementation and focus was not there.
    5)Less awareness- since more than half our population reside in rural areas so problem of awareness program,social media reach,more than 80% are even unaware of the word “malnutrition”
    6)Health -medicines are there but problem related to cost,affordability, though RSBY is there than problem related to getting card,bo-metric authentication,less doctors & nurses, ,less PHC centres etc
    7) Infrastructure bottlenecks- less beds in hospitals, less equipments,less facilities state of the art technology,electricity etc
    8) Sanitaition-with most of people living in unhygienic condition problem related to clean water, diarrhea has proliferated which has resulted into childrens death + churning poverty.
    What can be done –
    a)A decentralized PDS system with the least influence of bureaucratic hurdles and steps.
    b)Feeding Programs and Food Aid Donations
    c)Education and School Meals – a self awared human being can well take care of its needs and wants. – MDMS , ICDS
    d)Sustainable, Practical and Dependable Agriculture – GM crops , Urban & Rural farming practices
    e)Proper implementation of policies & dedicated will political parties is the need of the hour.
    Thus , in order to achieve its zero hunger target of Zero Hunger set by the United Nations we dont need to draft new schemes but instead consider implementing them effectively. Better implementation via monitoring through PRAGATI and proper usage of JAM-DBT can address the problem of malnutrition.

  •  varnit sharma @varnit-sharma

    Tackle with the causes and consequences of poverty has been the major challenge for India.Government in recent some years has taken various initiatives to deal with poverty.Since,poverty is multi dimensional,malnutrition is considered one of its cause as well as consequence.Country’s poor performance at GHI has once again put question marks on the effectiveness of various initiative to tackle with the poverty.
    India ranks 100 at GHI.Its performance is worst than other Asian countries .One- fifth of the children india weigh much less for their height while,one- third children has much less height.Despite India’s focus on fighting hunger and malnutrition ,it has failed in its strategy durme to following reasons.
    1.Decelerating agriculture productivity is the major cause behind malnutrition.
    2.Lack of infrastructure is another cause.India’s storage capacity of food grains is far less than the required storage capacity.it causes immense food wastage which is another major cause behind malnutrition.
    3.Lack of proper implementation of various poverty reduction and nutrition targeted programs is also the major cause behind increasing malnutrition and hunger.
    4.Persisting inequality in India is also the cause of galling situation of malnutrition and hunger .
    5.Social factors including disc rim imitation in terms of class and caste also contribute to the increasing malnutrition and hunger .
    To address these causes India should adopt following approach.
    1.Improvement in the condition of farmers is pre eminent for tackling with food security as well as increasing malnutrition.
    2.India should expand infrastructure to avoid food wastage.
    3.On supply side,road blocks in implemtatuon of various schemes should be addressed.
    4.Equal access to all resources by all should be ensured.
    India has advantage in terms of its demographic divedend but it could be offset unless related problems including undernourishment would not be addressed.Thus,need of the hour is efficient and effective approach in this direction.

  •  Khemchand Gujjar @khemchand-gujjar

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  •  Priyanka @priyanka-yadav4

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  •  mahi meher @tanujaparween7

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This topic contains 6 replies, has 7 voices, and was last updated by  mahi meher 1 month ago.



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