IAS prelims 2016 Solutions – Polity

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  • Only five questions from polity.
  • Only three directly from Lamikant
  • All five were doable
  • Can be solved after reading titbits and past paper solutions

1. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. A bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses on its prorogation.
  2. A bill pending in the Rajya Sabha, which has not been passed by the Lok Sabha, shall not lapse on dissolution of the Lok Sabha.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Very simple question
  • Covered in tit-bits/ solved papers
  • No bill lapses on prorogation, otherwise GST bill would have lapsed so many times
  • Bill pending in RS, not passed by LS i.e originated in RS, pending in RS won’t lapse as new LS can still take decision on that bill after passage by RS

2. Consider the following statements:

  1. The Chief Secretary in a State is appointed by the Governor of that State.
  2. The Chief Secretary in a State has a fixed tenure

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Very simple
  • Chief secretary govt officer £ would be appointed by the govt not governor £ remember Kejriwal/ Jung Controversy
  • No fixed tenure at state level <demand for fixing the tenure>
  • At the central level, assured tenure of 2 years for Cabinet, Home, defence, foreign secretary as well as RAW and IB chief

3. With reference to the ‘Gram Nyayalaya Act’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. As per the Act, Gram Nyayalayas can hear only civil cases and not criminal cases
  2. The Act allows local social activists as mediators/reconciliators.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Very simple
  • Statement 1, only £ wrong, can also try criminal cases
  • 2nd is such an innocuous statement. Even high courts allow mediation. At village level, obviously social workers would be mediators
  1. The Parliament of India acquires the power to legislate on any item in the State List in the national interest if a resolution to that effect is passes by the

(a)    LokSabha by a simple majority of its total membership

(b)    LokSabha by a majority of not less than two-thirds of its total membership

(c)    RajyaSabha by a simple majority of its total membership

(d)    RajyaSabha by a majority of not less than two-thirds of its members present and voting

  • Covered in titbits
  • Special powers of RS
  • Rs primacy over LS (Art 249 and 312)
  • Special majority of ⅔ present and voting

5. Consider the following statements:

  1.    The minimum age prescribed for any person to be a member of Panchayat is 25 years.
  2.    A Panchayat reconstituted after premature dissolution continues only for the remainder period.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1.    1 only
  2.    2 only
  3.    Both 1 and 2
  4.    Neither 1 nor 2
  • Simple
  • Panchayat – age 21 years
  • Panchayat term of 5 years. Regular election so prematurely constituted last only till next scheduled elections
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