Indian Air Force Updates

C-295 Transport Aircraft: All you need to know


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : C-295

Mains level : Not Much


Central Idea

  • In a significant milestone, the Indian Air Force (IAF) received its inaugural C-295 transport aircraft during a ceremony held in Seville, Spain.
  • IAF’s fleet of C-295s is set to become the largest globally, with an initial order for 56 aircraft.

About C-295

  • The C-295MW is a transport aircraft with a carrying capacity ranging from 5 to 10 tonnes.
  • It can accommodate up to 71 troops or 49 para-troopers, offering significant flexibility.
  • The aircraft boasts a maximum cruise speed of 260 knots, ensuring rapid deployment.
  • Its exceptional low-level flight characteristics enable tactical missions, even at slow speeds as low as 110 knots.
  • The C-295 is equipped with a rear ramp door, facilitating swift troop and cargo deployments.
  • Each aircraft is outfitted with an indigenous Electronic Warfare Suite developed by Bharat Electronics Ltd and Bharat Dynamics Limited.
  • Two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G turboprop engines propel the aircraft.
  • The C-295 exhibits short take-off and landing (STOL) capabilities, enabling the use of unprepared airstrips.

Significance of the aircraft

  • India’s entry into aircraft production will place it among a select group of nations with the capability to manufacture C-295 aircraft.
  • This group includes countries like the US, UK, Russia, France, Italy, Spain, Ukraine, Brazil, China, and Japan.
  • The project will stimulate India’s aerospace ecosystem, involving numerous MSMEs across the country in the manufacturing of aircraft components.
  • This includes areas of strategic importance, such as the border with China and the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago.

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