Historical and Archaeological Findings in News

Chola inscriptions on qualifications for civic officials

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Kudavolai System

Mains level : Chola Administration

In the Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu, some Chola-era inscriptions on Kanthaleeswarar Temple bear testimony to the qualifications required for members of the village administrative council.

Inscription details: Kudavolai System

  • The Kudavolai system was very vital and unique feature of administration of villages of Cholas.
  • In the system one representative is elected from each ward and every village had 30 wards.
  • The village administrative committee was called as variyam.
  • The election was unique as names of contestants were written on palm leaf and put in a pot.

Taxation details

  • The rulers were considerate while taxing agricultural produce.
  • For areca nuts, only 50% tax would be collected for the first 10 years after cultivation. Farmers would pay full tax only after the trees started yielding fruits.
  • Similarly, 50% tax was imposed on banana crops until the yield.

Though a tough one, but try answering this PYQ:

Q.In the context of the history of India, consider the following pairs:

Term: Description

  1. Eripatti: Land revenue from which was set apart for the maintenance of the village tank
  2. Taniyurs: Villages donated to a single Brahmin or a group of Brahmins
  3. Ghatikas: Colleges generally attached to the temples

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 3 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1 and 3

 

Post your answers here.
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kishan deore
kishan deore
7 months ago
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d

Vanshika Vanshika
Vanshika Vanshika
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D

Trilokesh Penta
Trilokesh Penta
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C

ashutosh roy
ashutosh roy
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d

viji ias
viji ias
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D

JITENDRA YADAV
JITENDRA YADAV
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A

Dhananjay Singh
Dhananjay Singh
7 months ago
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B

kalyani sridevi
kalyani sridevi
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b