Festivals, Dances, Theatre, Literature, Art in News

Langa-Manganiyar Folk Music


From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level: Langa-Manganiyar

Mains level: NA

Considered the repository of the Thar region’s rich history and traditional knowledge, the ballads, folklore and songs of the Langa-Manganiyar artistes are being preserved through an initiative for documentation and digitisation.

Who are the Langa-Manganiyar?

  • The Langas and Manganiyars are hereditary communities of Muslim musicians residing mostly in western Rajasthan’s Jaisalmer and Barmer districts and in Pakistan’s Tharparkar and Sanghar districts in Sindh.
  • The music of the two marginalised communities, who were supported by wealthy landlords and merchants before Independence, forms a vital part of Thar desert’s cultural landscape.
  • The performances are in multiple languages and dialects including Marwari, Sindhi, Saraiki, Dhatti and Thareli.
  • The romantic tales revolving around legendary lovers such as Umar-Marvi, Heer-Ranjha, Sohni-Mahiwal, Moomal-Rana and Sorath-Rao Khangar have traditionally captivated audiences.

Instruments used

  • The Langa’s main traditional instrument is the sindhi sarangi; Manganiyar’s is the kamaicha.
  • Both are bowed stringed instruments with skin membrane sounding boards and many sympathetic strings.
  • Both Langas and Manganiyars sing and play the dholak (double-headed barrel drum), the kartal(wooded clappers), the morchan (jaws harp), and the ubiquitous harmonium.

Try answering this PYQ:

Q. Consider the following pairs:

Tradition: State

  1. Chapchar Kut: festival Mizoram
  2. Khongjom Parba ballad: Manipur
  3. Thang Ta dance: Sikkim

Which of the pairs given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3


Post your answers here.
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2 years ago
Post your answers here." Read more »


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2 years ago
Post your answers here." Read more »


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2 years ago


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2 years ago

chapchar kut – mizoram
khongjom parba ballad – manipur
thang ta – manipur
in future on similar lines upsc may ask
langa manganiyar – rajasthan

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10 months ago

That’s cool!


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