Coronavirus – Disease, Medical Sciences Involved & Preventive Measures

Coronavirus

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : Coronavirus, Pneumonia

Mains level : NA

A new virus has been identified by Chinese researchers which is responsible for a new pneumonia-like illness.

Coronavirus

  • Coronaviruses are a specific family of viruses, with some of them causing less-severe damage, such as the common cold, and others causing respiratory and intestinal diseases.
  • A coronavirus has many “regularly arranged” protrusions on its surface, because of which the entire virus particle looks like an emperor’s crown, hence the name “coronavirus”.
  • Apart from human beings, coronaviruses can affect mammals including pigs, cattle, cats, dogs, martens, camels, hedgehogs and some birds.
  • So far, there are four known disease-causing coronaviruses, among which the best known are the SARS coronavirus and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus, both of which can cause severe respiratory diseases.
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