From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :
Prelims level : Drone Census, Drone Categorization
Mains level : Regulation of drones in India
India’s first drone census has seen only 2,500 Ownership Acknowledgment Numbers (OANs) being issued by the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) since five days of beginning.
- The MoCA had issued a notice providing a one-time opportunity for voluntary disclosure of all drones and operators starting from January 14.
- The DGCA issued the Civil Aviation Requirements (CAR), Section 3 – Air Transport Series X, Part I, Issue I, dated August 27, 2018 regulates use of drones.
- It provides the process for obtaining Unique Identification Number, Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit (UAOP) and other operational requirements; there are drones that do not comply with the CAR.
- If a drone is not enlisted by 5 p.m. on January 31, then it will most definitely be confiscated.
- After January 31, only authorised retailers will be allowed to sell them after uploading buyers’ Know your Customer (KYC) and sale invoice, similar to the sale of mobile phones and cars.
Why such move?
- The exercise will give the government a picture of who owns what kind of drone in which part of the country.
- It will help in making policy decisions that should ideally become the base for understanding the scale of operations.