Climate Change Impact on India and World – International Reports, Key Observations, etc.

Equity concerns in banning fossil fuel extraction

Note4Students

From UPSC perspective, the following things are important :

Prelims level : COP28

Mains level : urgent need for action on climate change and the challenges associated with transitioning away from fossil fuels

Fossil Fuels are Dead, Long Live Fossil Fuels – Energy Institute Blog

Central Idea:

The inadequate response from governments and corporations to address climate change is fueling a rise in climate change litigation and a push for phasing out fossil fuel subsidies and extraction. This momentum is underscored by proposals like a coal elimination treaty by 2030 due to the significant gap between planned fossil fuel production and Paris Agreement goals. However, challenges exist in aligning these proposals with existing climate change principles, particularly regarding equitable transitions for heavily dependent fossil fuel economies like India.

Key Highlights:

  • Rise in climate change litigation due to insufficient action from governments and corporations.
  • Growing momentum to phase out fossil fuel subsidies and extraction, exemplified by proposals such as a coal elimination treaty by 2030.
  • Challenges in aligning proposals with existing climate change principles like Common but Differentiated Responsibilities.
  • Heavily dependent fossil fuel economies, such as India, face difficulties transitioning due to economic reliance on fossil fuels.

Key Challenges:

  • Balancing the need for transitioning away from fossil fuels with the economic dependence of certain countries on fossil fuel revenues.
  • Ensuring equitable transitions for heavily dependent fossil fuel economies.
  • Aligning proposals for phasing out fossil fuels with existing climate change principles like Common but Differentiated Responsibilities.
  • Addressing the discrepancy between planned fossil fuel production and Paris Agreement goals.

Key Terms/Phrases:

  • Climate change litigation
  • Fossil fuel subsidies
  • Coal elimination treaty
  • Production Gap Report
  • Common but Differentiated Responsibilities
  • Nationally Determined Contributions
  • Equitable transitions
  • Heavily dependent fossil fuel economies

Case Studies/Best Practices:

  • India’s reliance on fossil fuels despite progress in renewable energy.
  • The transition strategy of countries like Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom with more diversified economies.
  • COP26 and COP28 decisions regarding phasing out coal and transitioning away from fossil fuels.

Key Quotes/Anecdotes/Statements:

  • “The inadequate response from governments and corporations in dealing with the issue of climate change is leading to… dramatic rise in climate change litigation.”
  • “Those countries that are heavily dependent on revenues and employment in the fossil fuel sector are likely to experience serious difficulties in transitioning away from fossil fuel.”
  • “India’s subsidies on kerosene oil have come under scrutiny in the West as it is found to be inconsistent with Article 2(1)(c) of the Paris Agreement and is also considered as inefficient subsidies.”

Key Examples/References/Facts/Data:

  • The Production Gap Report indicating a significant gap between planned fossil fuel production and Paris Agreement goals.
  • India’s reliance on fossil fuels dominating its power sector despite progress in renewable energy.
  • COP26 and COP28 decisions regarding phasing out coal and transitioning away from fossil fuels.

Critical Analysis:

The article highlights the urgent need for action on climate change and the challenges associated with transitioning away from fossil fuels. It underscores the discrepancy between proposed fossil fuel production and climate goals, as well as the economic dependence of certain countries on fossil fuel revenues. However, it also acknowledges the need for equitable transitions and the complexities of aligning proposals with existing climate change principles.

Way Forward:

  • Implementing equitable transition strategies for heavily dependent fossil fuel economies.
  • Strengthening international cooperation and commitments to phase out fossil fuel subsidies and extraction.
  • Addressing discrepancies between proposed fossil fuel production and climate goals.
  • Integrating principles of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities into transition strategies.
  • Providing support and creating economic opportunities for those affected by the transition away from fossil fuels.

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